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World Social Work Day: “I Am Because We Are!”

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World Social Work Day 2021 | News Aur Chai

World Social Work Day (hereafter referred to as WSWD) is that salient day of the year where social workers worldwide are recognized for their tireless efforts to improve society’s condition. It is usually held on the third Tuesday of March. Hence, it is observed on March 16 in the year 2021. Social work is an enriching career option for those interested in sincerely helping people and desire to address various social issues. The majority consider social work to involve working with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), either part-time or full-time. Practically speaking, this line of work is much more than that. Social workers work and tackle problems faced by various public levels, ranging from an individual to a large community.

Importance

In the race to climb the ‘social leader’, people often fail to recognize those who genuinely work to sustain humanity. The functions of a social worker are vital to help any society to survive. This unique line of work involve:-
1. Upliftment of poor people;
2. Assisting people with special needs;
3. Promoting women empowerment;

According to the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW), the following are the main aims of celebrating WSWD:-
a. Highlight the achievements of social work;
b. Raise the visibility of social services for the future of societies, and
c. To defend social justice and human rights.

Theme And Poster

This year’s celebration’s beautiful highlight is the theme, “Ubuntu: I am Because We Are”. IFSW has mentioned this as the first theme of the “2020 to 2030 Global Agenda for Social Work and Social Development”. The theme was chosen for “strengthening Social Solidarity and Global Connectedness.” The term “Ubuntu” is derived from the indigenous peoples of South Africa and was highly publicized by none other than Nelson Mandela.

Silvana Martinez, the President of IFSW, went on to comment, “The theme comes from extensive consultation within IFSW and beyond. At a time when global politics has retreated into nationalism, Ubuntu is a powerful message on the need for solidarity at all levels: within communities, societies and globally. It is a message that all people are interconnected and that our future is dependent on recognizing all peoples involvement in co-building a sustainable, fair and socially just future. IFSW invites all social workers, partner organizations and people who care about the future to co-brand the poster. Together we can change the world for this and future generations.”

IFSW creates and produces a poster announcing WSWD being translated to more than 70 languages each year. The same is presented to governments, political bodies and social work classrooms around the world.

History

The very first WSWD was observed in 2007, with the theme, “Social Work – Making a World of Difference.” However, this worldwide celebration’s origin should be traced back to 1983, which marked the beginning of an annual observance called “Social Work Day at the United Nations”. Since then, the IFSW United Nations (UN) representatives began to organize these days either in March or April every year. Minor changes were made along the way, including the themes and their frequency, to bring it to the current event internationally approved and co-ordinated.

Significant Roles Of A Social Worker

Social workers deal with matters involving unemployment, education and poverty. A few job profiles executed by a modern-day social worker are as follows:-
1. Welfare Officer;
2. Social Scientist;
3. Medical Social Worker;
4. Community Development Officer;
5. Probation Officer;
6. Rural Development Officer.

A social worker can get employed in government and private sectors, involving the Medical and Healthcare sector, Education and Research sector, NGOs.

Recognized Organizations Promoting Social Work

HelpAge India

This leading Indian NGO, focused on the concerns of the elderly, was established in 1978 and is located in New Delhi, India. Its primary mission is “to work for the cause and care of disadvantaged older persons and to improve their quality of life.”

A standout about HelpAge India is that it became the first NGO to be selected for the ‘2020 UN Population Award’ under the Institutional category in December 2020. Moreover, the organization’s tireless attempts to provide and care for the old aged people, especially during the pandemic and vaccinations, is nothing short of loud applause.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF was founded in 1990, and its present headquarters lie in New York, United States of America (USA). On a larger scale, it operates in more than 190 countries and territories, with the sole objective to save lives, defend rights, help in the growth of precious children right from their childhood.

Green Peace

This NGO was set up in 1971 and is situated in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It has offices in over 55 countries to ensure the earth’s ability in nurturing life in all its diversity. To put in their own words, their mission is to:-

Protect biodiversity in all its forms;
Prevent pollution and abuse of the earth’s ocean, land, air and fresh water;
End all nuclear threats;
Promote peace, global disarmament and non-violence.

Smile Foundation

Since its inception in 2002 in New Delhi, India, this NGO seeks to smile on the face of underprivileged children by providing them education. As per the data available on their official website, its reach goes up to 15 lakhs children and their families every year, with more than 400 live welfare project, in over 2,000 remote villages and slums across 25 states of India! The hard work has earned the Smile Foundation the title of being ‘the best NGO in India’.

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LLP Amendment Bill Passed

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LLP Amendment Bill II News Aur Chai

The Limited Liability Partnership(Amendment) Bill was introduced in Rajya Sabha(Upper House) on July 29, 2021, after the approval of the Union Cabinet on July 28, 2021. Before understanding the LLP Amendment Bill let’s first understand what is LLP.

What is LLP?

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is an alternative corporate business form that gives the benefits of limited liability of a company and the flexibility in a partnership. It is a separate legal entity, which is liable to the full extent of its assets but the liability of the partners is limited to their agreed contribution in Limited Liability Partnership. One of the advantages of LLP is that it can continue its validity irrespective of changes in partners. It is capable of joining into new contracts and holding equity in its name.

In this corporate business form, no partner is liable on account of the independent or unauthorised actions of other partners, thus individual partners are shielded from joint liability created by another partner’s illicit business decisions or misbehaviour. Common rights and duties of the partners within a Limited Liability Partnership are governed by an agreement between the partners. However, the LLP is not reassured of the liability for its other obligations as a separate entity. As it contains components of both a ‘corporate structure’ as well as a ‘partnership firm structure’, LLP is called a hybrid between a company and a partnership.  

Which are the countries where the LLP form is functional?

Countries like the United Kingdom, United States of America, Australia, various Gulf countries and Singapore are the nations where the LLP structure is functional. As per the advice of experts who have studied LLP legislations in various countries, the LLP Act is extensively based on the UK LLP Act of 2000 and the Singapore LLP Act 2005. Both the Acts allow the creation of LLP in a corporate body form which means as a separate legal entity, separate from its partners. 

What is the LLP Amendment Bill & what are the key highlights of the bill? 

Limited Liability Partnership Amendment Bill was passed by Rajya Sabha on August 4, 2021. All the members of the Upper House had agreed to pass this bill and have been working towards it since July 29, 2021. The Amendment Bill aims to boost greater ease of living to law-abiding corporates and to legitimize certain provisions of the Act. 

Some of the important highlights of the bill are:

  • Decriminalize certain offences: As per the Bill, it defines the way of operating the LLP’s provided that violation of these requirements will lead to punishment with a fine varying from 25,000 INR to five lakh INR. The requirements consist of changes in partners of the LLP, change in registered office, filing declaration of account and annual returns & agreement between the partners and an LLP. The bill exacts a monetary fine.

  • Punishment on fraud: Under the Act, if a partner or an LLP carry out any forgery activities to their creditors and every individual who is involved in the hoax will be punished with up to two years of imprisonment, along with the 50,000 INR to five lakh INR of fine. The Bill increases the term of imprisonment from two to five years. 

  • Compounding of offences: The bill amends to provide an officer who will be appointed by the central government, may compound the offences and impose a punishable fine. If the offence was compounded by an LLP or its partners, then in this case a similar offence cannot be compounded within three years. 

  • Institution of Special Court: This bill enables the central government to establish special courts for assuring active trail of offences under the Act. The special court consists of a Sessions Judge or an Additional Sessions Judge. They will adjudicate offences punishable with three or more years of imprisonment and a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial Magistrate for other offences. They will be selected with the accord of the Chief Justice of the High Court. 

  • Opening of Small LLP’s: This Bill contributes to the formation of small LLP’s in which the partners contribute up to 25 lakh INR, turnover for the coming year is up to 40 lakh INR. The government can declare certain LLP as start-up LLP. 

  • Non-compliance with tribunal orders:  As per the Act, non-compliance with an ordinance of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a punishable offence of up to six months imprisonment and a fine of 50,000 INR. This bill removes such offences.

  • Adjudicating Officers: As per the bill, the central government may assign adjudicating officers for allotting penalties under the Act. These officers will be central government officers only. Appeals against the orders of the Adjudicating officer will lie in the hand of the Regional Director. 

  • Institution of Appellate Tribunal: As per the bill, the appeals cannot be made against an order that he’s passed along with the permission of the parties. The Appeals should be filed within the time frame of 60 days of order. 

  • Standards of accounting: According to the bill, the central government may specify the criteria of accounting and auditing for groups of LLP in meeting with the National Financial Reporting Authority.  

These are the salient parts of the amended bill. 

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India-Bangladesh: Reopen Cross-Border Rail Lines After 56 years

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India-Bangladesh II News Aur Chai

On August 1, 2021, Indian Railways sent the first stone-filled freight train to Bangladesh from Damdim Station of the Northeast Frontier Railway, resuming activity on the Haldibari Chilahati route. The network between Bangladesh and India will improve due to the continuing rail course that snapped in 1965.

After the partition in 1947, seven rail joins were functional among India and then East Pakistan till 1965. The Haldibari-Chilahati rail interface is one of those courses. As indicated by the railway authorities, the main products train to convey stone chips left from Damdim station of Jalpaiguri area in West Bengal on Sunday morning.

It came to a halt at Chilahati station in the Nilphamari region in the early evening. Aside from the Haldibari-Chilahati rail connect, at present, there are four working rail routes between India and Bangladesh. The current operational rail routes are – Petrapole (India)- Benapole (Bangladesh), Gede (India)– Darshana (Bangladesh), Singhabad (India)- Rohanpur (Bangladesh) and Radhikapur (India)– Birol (Bangladesh).

This railway interface between Haldibari (India) and Chilahati (Bangladesh) was initiated by the Prime Ministers of India and Bangladesh during the PM level virtual summit on December 17, 2020. Things that can be transported from India to Bangladesh via this railway combining rocks and boulders, food grains, fresh fruits, chemical fertilizers, onions, chilli, garlic, ginger, fly ash, clay, limestone, wood, and lumber, etcetera. From Bangladesh to India, everything is allowed which exported.

“The commissioning of this rail interface will establish the India-Bangladesh rail connection and future trade. Likewise, the revamped rail network to key ports and dry docks will help boost neighbourhood trade and improve the monetary and social well-being of the space,” the high commission said.

The Government of India gave over ten-wide-measure diesel trains as an aid to help Bangladesh Railways. The virtual event was attended by External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar and Railways Minister Piyush Goyal, and their Bangladeshi accomplices Md Nurul Islam Sujon and Dr A K Abdul Momen on July 27, 2020. Feni Bridge (Maitree Setu) interfacing LCS Sub room (Tripura) and LCS Ramgarh (Bangladesh) have been introduced on a virtual stage by both the Prime Ministers on March 09, 2021.

This will fundamentally further develop availability with Bangladesh. The preliminary attempt of the parcel of Indian merchandise from Kolkata to Agartala through Chattogram had led in July 2020, notwithstanding the pandemic. Bangladesh – India, the connection is presently supposed to be at its best.

The year 2021, regardless of the continuous COVID-19 pandemic, has been seeing a significant level of commitment at political and official levels. Prime Minister Modi paid a state visit to Bangladesh from March 26 – 27. He participated in the Golden Jubilee celebration of Independence of Bangladesh, the centenary of the birth of the founding father Benjabandu Sheikh Mujipur Rahman, and the 50th anniversary of the establishment of peaceful relations between India and Bangladesh. Both governments are trying different measures to rebuild the railway hub before 1965 and, another connection network existed between India and Bangladesh.

During the visit of PM Hasina to New Delhi in October 2019, the two governments chose to initiate Dhaka-Siliguri-Gangtok-Dhaka and Dhaka-Siliguri-Darjeeling-Dhaka transport administration to upgrade people to people contact between both the nations. The path run of Dhaka-Siliguri-Gangtok-Dhaka was likewise held in December 2019.

In May 2020, the second appendix of the Inland Waters Transit and Trade Protocol (PIWTT) approved two new routes in the India-Bangladesh Protocol (Sonamura Daudkandi on the Gomti waterway, and from Dhulia to Godagiri to Aricha in the current Padma), five new ports of call and two extended ports of call. Sonamura-Daudkandi Protocol Route had also operationalized in September 2020.

Haldibari-Chilahati Rail Link – Connectivity benefits: 

The Haldibari-Chilahati route will give travel association with Bangladesh from Assam and West Bengal in India. The rail network will connect the prime ports, dry ports, to help the development. It will boost the financial and social advancement of the area.

Businesses and everyday citizens of the two nations will want to receive the rewards of the two merchandise and traveller train administrations when all trains are anticipated procedure on the course. With the new rail route, individuals from Bangladesh can visit tourist destinations like Darjeeling, Sikkim, Dooars in India.

Also, the Karimganj and Mahisashan rail connection between Assam and Bangladesh is to be functional from 2022. The other rail connection between Akhaura (Bangladesh) and Agartala (India) will be operational by the end of the year.

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Assam Issues Travel Advisory Due To Safety Concerns

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Assam Travel II News Aur Chai

Assam Government on Thursday issued a travel advisory asking its residents not to travel to Mizoram due to safety concerns and asked those already in the state to exercise caution. The travel advisory came after the tension between the neighbouring states, days after the violent border clashes erupted in which seven people were killed.

Advisory issued by MS Manivannan, Commissioner and secretary in Assam’s home and the political department said, “Given the critical prevailing situation, the people of Assam advised not to travel to Mizoram as any threat to the personal safety of people of Assam cannot be accepted”.

A day before the Assam travel advisory, Mizoram issued a public notice stating that “It is hereby notified that there shall be no restrictions on the movement of non-residents of Mizoram traveling through Kolasib district”, followed by the phone numbers of the officers if any problem arises.

Mizoram Police has filed an FIR against Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and four police officers, along with two officials connected with the clashes at the inter-state border. On charges of Attempt to murder and criminal conspiracy in connection with the violent border clashes.

On the other hand, Assam police Summoned Mizoram Rajya Sabha member K Vanlalvena And six top officials over the alleged role in border tension.  K Vanlalvena told reporters on Wednesday, “More than 200 policemen entered a territory and they pushed back our policeman from our own post and they gave firing orders first before we fired. They are lucky that we didn’t kill them all. If they come again, we shall kill them all.”

Amid the Tensions, Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga tweeted, “Northeast India will always be one,” 

Assam and Mizoram share a 164.6-km-long border, which has long been a cause of dispute. Three districts in the south of Assam Hailakandi, Cachar, and Karimganj share the border with Mizoram’s Kolasib, Aizawl and Mamit districts.

On 26 July, border tensions erupted between Both the neighbouring States Assam and Mizoram, in which 6 Assam police personnel and a civilian were dead. Both states are blaming each other for the violence on Twitter, asking the centre to intervene and resolve the situation amicably.

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