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Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA): Myths And Facts

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Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA): Myths And Facts

After the Citizenship Amendment Act was passed, opposition parties and people have made this situation worse by spreading propaganda against it. Most clashes against the CAA are because of the lack of understanding of the proposed amendment to the citizenship law. Here are some of the accusations made about the CAA and the respective facts.

Myth: Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is against the interest of indigenous people of Assam

Fact: CAA applies to the whole nation; it is not against the National Register of Citizens (NRC), which is being updated to protect the indigenous communities from illegal immigrants

Myth: Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) weakens Assam Accord

Fact: The Act does not undermine the sanctity of the Assam Accord as far as the cut-off date of March 24, 1971, specified for detention or deportation of illegal immigrants is concerned.

Myth: People in the Northeast are opposing CAA because it is discriminatory.

Fact: Although the statement is true that people in the Northeastern region, particularly in Assam, are protesting against CAA, the reason stated by them is entirely different from other areas.

Natives of the Northeastern region are opposing as they don’t want illegal immigrants from Bangladesh or any other place to be given citizenship–irrespective of their religion. On the other side, the rest of the nation is protesting due to the exclusion of the Muslim community from the Act.

Myth: Citizenship Act will violate the provision of Article 371.

Fact: Article 371 is a part of the Constitution of India. The main objectives of Article 371 were to granting special provisions to some states as to meet the unique needs of the backward regions of these states, preserve the economic and cultural interests of these regions, contend the local challenges and protect the prevailing laws in these regions.

However, CAA won’t violate any provision of Article 371. The linguistic, cultural and social identity of the Northeastern region would be protected.

Myth: Provision of CAA will apply to the tribal areas of the Northeastern region.

Fact: Provision of the amendments to the Act would not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura as included in 6th Schedule to the Constitution.

The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four Northeastern states– Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as per Article 244–(“Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas” (1) The provisions of the Fifth Schedule shall apply to the administration and control of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in any State other than the States of Assam Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram). The Governor is authorised to increase or decrease the areas or change the names of the independent districts.

Myth: CAA will trigger fresh migrants belonging to Hindu community from Bangladesh.

Fact: The scale of atrocities on minorities in Bangladesh declined steeply in recent years; thus, the migration of such minorities is right now a remote possibility. Furthermore, the benefits mentioned in CAA will not be available for people of such religious minorities who migrate to India after the said cut-off date of December 31, 2014.

Myth: Citizenship Amendment Act is against Indian Muslims; documents need to be shown to continue living in the country.

Fact: As clearly mentioned by Amit Shah, that Act has nothing to do with Indian Muslims, their citizenship wouldn’t be taken away, or they won’t be detained and deported.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, passed by legislation, amends the Citizenship Act of 1955 by granting Indian citizenship for religious minorities of — Hindu, Jain, Buddhist, Sikhs, Parsi or Christian communities from the predominantly Muslim countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have been living under persecution. For those already residing in India, they will be able to apply for citizenship as well.

Myth: Muslims from these three countries can’t apply for citizenship or refuge in India.

Fact: Although CAA has exempted Muslims from the said three countries, it does not mean that the door for Muslims is entirely shut. Although they are not given blanket relaxation to apply for citizenship under CAA, the usual naturalisation law remains available to them.

Myth: Illegal Muslim immigrants residing in India will be deported after CAA is passed

Fact: As per CAA, citizenship will be given to people of six communities from three countries residing in India, but it does not administer with the deportation of illegal immigrants. Although it protects the about said communities who had entered India illegally from deportation by allowing applying for citizenship, it does not say anything about deportation as that is the subject matter of another law, the Foreigners Act. The process of deporting anyone entering and living illegally in India is ongoing, and the CAA does not change that.

Myth: Why Shias, Ahmadiyyas, Balochs and Rohingyas are not included in CAA, if it is based on religious persecution?

Fact: All these groups come under the Muslim community; they are not recognised as separate religions. As Muslims, they are not minorities in the said three countries, which are either officially Islamic countries or a Muslim majority country. Therefore, it is not possible to include Muslims in the bill as it is made explicitly for religious minorities in those countries. However, if any Muslims are being persecuted in these countries, they can apply for asylum in India. India has already provided refuge to Tibetans, as well as to a large number of people from Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Uganda and many more.

As many myths and assumptions pop up, we Indians need to understand before we act. We need to check, re-check and verify the sources, and then act in a democratic manner.


Disclaimer: Above mentioned information is based on government-issued articles and information passed on by the Government of India. NewsAurChai Media, by any means, does not support or oppose the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 via this article. The sole purpose of this article is to spread information not to show any sort of favouritism to any decision of any side.

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All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

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National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations

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Fake News II News Aur Chai

Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.

Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.

Fake News Stories

  • On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
  • On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
  • Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
  • On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
  • In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.

Need of Accountability

False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.

If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.

 

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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained

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Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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