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CAA 2019 Protest – Know It All

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CAA 2019 Protest - Know It All

For the past one month in India, especially the Northeastern region, has been in turmoil due to the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).

Jamia Millia Islamia University turned into a battlefield on Friday after police and students clashed with each other. However, why is there such an intense tension going on? Why are the students on the street? Why so much confusion? India had witnessed many Bills and Acts being passed in the past as well; we had arguments and differences, but this time, things have gone out of hand, towns, and cities are turning into a war zone.

“Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019, states to provide Indian citizenship to illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, and who entered India on or before December 31, 2014. The Act does not include Muslims.”– This is what CAA in simple terms is all about.

The point of not including the Muslim community in this Act has stirred the people’s emotion, stating that the government is being biased. People went about saying why this difference in a democratic country where equal rights are mentioned in its Constitution? What about the secularism?

Let’s bring out some facts which are being ignored and which is creating a lot of confusion and misunderstanding about CAA.

How did such a large number of immigrants enter India?

The first and foremost question which we should be asking is when people of Assam are claiming that the indigenous group are shrinking and more illegal immigrants exist there, so what does that mean? Was it only during Modi’s era or ruling?

While NRC was getting implemented, the opposition was claiming that India doesn’t have any illegal immigrants. Nevertheless, by protesting along with the people fighting for not including the Muslim community in the CAA, the opposition has proved their own statement wrong and made it clear that India has a lot of illegal immigrants.

Jamia Millia Islamia University Issue:

The students started protesting against CAA; a march was held starting from Jamia Millia Islamia on December 15 evening, which was expected to end at Jantar Mantar, but violence began soon after. The mob set fire on public property, and the clash went worse as both sides were injured severely. University authorities claimed that the police had entered the campus without permission and had beaten the students. As per the reports by police, they entered the campus only after the mob went inside and began throwing stones at them.

Following this series, people were found saying it was illegal for police to enter the campus, beat students, and detain around 100 students.

The basic idea is that people should understand if the mob hadn’t gone violent, acting against law and order by burning public property, the situation would have been much different. Police entered the university as students were allegedly taking law in their hands.

Media on December 17 reported, it was noted that among the protestors, there were ten people, many of whom have criminal backgrounds, have been arrested in connection with Sunday’s fierce clashes involving Jamia Millia Islamia students and Delhi Police. Cops also confirmed that the violators are not the students of Jamia Millia Islamia University.

Ant-CAA Protest Across Nation:

Following the incident at Jamia University, students from 22 universities around the nation went for protest and showed their solidarity with Jamia University students. While on the other side when students from Aligarh Muslim University clashed with cops while they were trying to hold a solidarity march for their counterparts at Delhi’s Jamia Millia Islamia. Police were seen vandalising two-wheelers after the protest erupted.

Amit Shah said that students protests are being held at present because the Citizenship Amendment Act has just been passed, and the students haven’t studied the same in detail.

Amidst all this Supreme court on December 18 have refused to stay CAA’s implementation, and has scheduled to hear 59 petitions on January 22, 2020.

Apart from universities, general public is also showing their protest against CAA; this lead the government to issue Section 144 in various parts of the nation along with the shutdown of internet connectivity.

Anti-CAA protesters resort to ‘Gandhigiri’ in Jantar Mantar, by offering roses to police, stating police can baton charge them as much as they want, but their message is “love in return for hatred.” Lawyers were also seen participating in the protest and providing legal aids to protestors in case if they are detained.

Even in other parts of the nation, violent as well as peaceful protests are being carried out. It was reported that two people died after the police opened fire to control the violent mob in Mangalore during the protest against CAA on December 19–Congress demanded judicial probe for this action.

In Delhi, Swarajya Abhiyan chief Yogendra Yadav was detained while protesting near Red Fort. While in Bangalore, Ramachandra Guha, a pre-eminent biographer of Mohandas K. Gandhi and a critic of the citizenship law, was midsentence in conversing with a reporter when helmeted police officers carrying sticks grabbed his arms and pulled him away. Around 1200 protestors were detained in Delhi while protesting for the scrapping of CAA.

On December 20, in many parts of Delhi’s internet services as well as some metro stations were shut down in the state due to protests. RAF was also deployed near Jaffrabad. In Uttar Pradesh, internet services were shut down in 15 districts, including capital Lucknow. Red alerts were issued in Aligarh.

The death toll dated as per December 21 in Uttar Pradesh was 11, and many were reportedly injured, as protesting mob turned violent–while additional DGP PV Ramashastry emphasised that only six people have died. UP police had arrested 200 people, and around 3305 protestors were detained.

In Aurangabad, Maharashtra, city police enforced Section 144 for an unusually long period of 72 days starting from December 21, after nearly one lakh protestors, went on the road. In Bhopal, around 13 police officials were injured in the brick-battling.

In many parts of the country, the internet services, schools, colleges, and universities are shut down, and officials stated that it would be restored after checking the situation.

Admits all this, spokesperson, Ministry of Home Affairs in twitter stated that CAA would not affect the Indian citizens also noted down other details regarding CAA.

AIMIM president Asaduddin Owaisi held a rally at Darussalam in Hyderabad on December 21–While addressing the rally, Owaisi urged people who are against NRC and CAA to put up a national flag outside their homes.

On Sunday, finally, Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a mega rally at Delhi’s iconic Ramlila Maidan, where he stated that the Congress and ‘urban Naxals’ are spreading lies about detention centers in India and denied the existence of such centers. He accused the opposition as well as “Urban Naxals” responsible for spreading misinformation about the CAA and the NRC. He even challenged the opposition to review his work, and if they find even a whiff of communalism, then to bring the same the public. Adding, he said that since 2014, there had been no discussion held on a nationwide NRC. Assuring to the Indian Muslims, he said that NRC and CAA have nothing to do with them. However, there are many contradictions with what Home Minister Amit Shah has stated in the parliament during the winter session and what Prime Minister Modi said during his rally.

After the anti-CAA agitation rocked Uttar Pradesh, the Yogi Adityanath government in the state has started sealing the properties of those involved in the violence and damaged the public property during the protest. Several protestors in Lucknow have been identified, and notices have been sent to them by the state administration. Police have already sealed 67 shops in the violence-hit areas on the charge that the shopowners were involved in these incidents and incited people.

On Monday, the Calcutta High Court, in an interim direction, ordered the West Bengal government to cease all ant-CAA advertisements till the next plea is heard on January 9. The county is still facing silent and violent protest and rally. DMK with its allies and several other organisations took out a rally against CAA led by DMK President M.K. Stalin.

The spread of false news

Betwixt all this confusion, people came up with their own assumptions, and this creates more issues. Reports about two students being shot to death by the police during Jamia Millia Islamia students march turned out to be fake news which caused another set of a violent outbreak. After the incident, Delhi police and the university both clarified such an incident never occurred.

Several videos were shared by people who claimed that even police were involved in the destroying things — in the video, it was shown police destroying buses in Delhi and the vandalisation of public properties and vehicles across the nation. However, the Delhi police have categorically denied the gunshots and bus burning incident.

It was also noticed that people have been sharing images of previous protests and statements made by eminent persons in the previous years without verifying the details.

Ill-Informed protestors

In various images, as well as videos shared by the news channels, showed that people who came for protest didn’t even know what they were protesting for.

The Muslim community is protesting as their leaders have reportedly informed them that they would be soon deported from India based on CAA. However, Union Home Minister Amit Shah has clearly mentioned that CAA has nothing to do with the Indian Muslims.

In the midst all this chaos, people came up with their assumptions which worsened the situation.

Actions of Opposition parties:

The opposition has been protesting since the bill was passed, as they believe the Act is anti-constitutional. However, the cases on the said Act have not yet heard by the Supreme Court of India. The nationwide protest resulted in the loss of public and private properties. According to some media reports, the estimated loss is over INR 1300 crores. When the country is already going through a slow pace of economic growth, who will meet these losses?

We all know that half-knowledge is dangerous, and when questions are being raised upon the government, one must wait for answers. As per CAA 2019, it is not mentioned anywhere that Indian Muslims will be sent out of India. We request one to have complete knowledge about the situation before protesting. Just for the sake, do not get involved in any violent protest.

However, one can protest, but that has to be in the purview of law, the violent protest will only lead the influential people to shut you down.

Founder @NewsAurChai & @RockShaftIND, | @NMIMS_India | Alumnus | Writer | Passionate Chai Drinker | Political Nerd | Traveller #Beingबंजारा | Optimist । Practical

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All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

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National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations

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Fake News II News Aur Chai

Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.

Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.

Fake News Stories

  • On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
  • On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
  • Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
  • On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
  • In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.

Need of Accountability

False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.

If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.

 

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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained

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Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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