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Martial arts is – the battle of self defence

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“Martial Arts do not have a rigid, framework of moves; every person, who experiments with the combinations of techniques becomes the founder of his style ad his students, his followers,” says Shanmuga Priyan, Judo, summing up the transcendence of martial arts through generations.

Martial Arts in India are the most popular sports that have survived the harsh realities and evolved with time. A popular sport in their originating regions, these were a common source of entertainment and display of valour and bravery in the bygone eras.

Before the advent of Commercial Sports, Martial Arts were the most popular means of displaying ones mental and physical strength. Our ancient scriptures talk about Martial Arts such as Wrestling (Malla-yuddha), Boxing (Musti-yuddha) and tarkāppuk kalai/svarakshaka kala, the art of self-defence.

While the Kings and their descendants were taught all of them as a part of their warfare skill and training, they were a means of entertainment for the common people as well. The scriptures talk about many such tournaments that were held by the rulers inviting the best fighters to compete against one another and prove that they are the mightiest of all.

“Traditional form of Martial Arts has no rules, it is the purest form of display of strength – both physical and mental”, Priyan adds, referring to how they have been modified from fully contact to semi-contact and zero contact games. “Earlier, with traditional games, the injuries and the pain that came along were borne by the people, but now, they injuries and pain infliction are discouraged,” says Karate, Judo and Taekwondo coach Kebiraj.

All the Martial Arts which is recognised as sports have either a semi-contact/zero-contact guidelines and the sport follows a “touch and pull back” method of competing where the tactics of the players are observed, noted and scored accordingly. Special care is given to avoid any contact on the face of the player. “Face contact is avoided as it may harm the personality of the player, which sometimes acts as a discouragement to continue the sport,” comments Priyan on the transition of the games from being fully contact to non-contact and shadow fighting game. “No one would want to continue a sport where the risks of injury in practice itself is very high,” he adds.

While Martial Arts take a complete turn when taking up the face of a sport, traditional methods of teaching, learning and fighting continue to exist. Mostly, the purest form of Martial Arts is diplayed at seminars/demo-displays,” says Coach Kebiraj, who trains players for both sports tournaments as well as self-defence.

“When learnt as a sport, the player focuses solely on competitive tournaments. He/she would not be able to exert strength when put under pressure in real life situations that will require them to use the skills learnt to defend themselves,” he says.

As self-defence, Martial Arts takes up a traditional face, with scheme and styles purely intended to injure the opponent. Many are turning to it as a means of being preventive and as a precautionary measure to protect oneself and other in grave situations.

“Most of those who turn to Martial Arts do so because of the happening of mishaps/incidents they want to overcome,” says Kebiraj, as the number of women and kids who learn Martial Arts are increasing every day. He identifies these incidents to be anything, varying from bullying in schools to work place/public place harassment faced by the individuals that triggers them to be able to defend themselves rather than being helpless.

Vinunithi, a Karate student for about 3 years now says she joined classed to learn to defend herself. “Disheartening news’ where women are the victims scares me and I wanted to learn to be able to stand up not just for myself but for any other person in times of distress,’ she says. Her parents, concerned for her safety enrolled her in one of the classes where she learnt the to defend herself.

Learning Martial Arts to defend oneself is far tougher than taking it up for a sport, according to the coach Kebiraj. “The students should be able to expert both physical strength and presence of mind to defend themselves in a real life crisis,” he says. “They are taught to throw knockout punches and adopt strategies that will get them out of the situation safely and quickly,” he says about the change of style he has to adopt while teaching the art to someone who needs to defend oneself.

The Shift / Change

With the Martial Art evolving every day by even a small change in style by one person is an art at the end of the day so, a person who is trained in Martial Arts shows the best ways to put it to use. “When one learns something traditionally, then they will retain it forever,” says Kebiraj, on how trainees can adopt and adapt different styles to suit their requirements.

“It is difficult for a person who is conditioned to compete in Judo, Karate or Taekwondo as a non-contact sport to be able to play a traditional game, but, it is not impossible,” says Priyan who has mastered Karate and Judo. They would be aware of all the kicks and punches but will only lack in exertion of force when it comes to attacking the opponent,” he adds.

Similarly, people who have learnt it as defensive art would find it a little difficult to strategically exercise their moves, but, with it predominantly being an art, there is always room for experimentation, learning and development.

Since time immemorial, martial arts have always been enjoyed as a sport in this country but sadly, the government support and infrastructure for the same remains inadequate to foster the growth of the sport. At the same time, there is little recognition given to these sports and s is the preference in the Olympic contingent. “There is a continental quota that permits only one representative for the entire country and that was given to a 90kg Judo player by the Judo Federation of India to represent the country in the Olympics,” Priyan says.

Even at the grassroots, there isn’t sufficient infrastructure available for the students to receive good training. “There sure are many schemes and funds sanctioned for the same, but, none of the funds reach the candidate they are designated to,” he adds. The lack of funds to go to higher levels leads to many quitting the game after reaching a district or state level. “To compete in international games, one needs to have proper equipment to train with, which is lacking in our country,” Kebiraj says talking about the sorry state of existing practice mats in various state run training centres.

Even if a player is identified and adopted by the government to be sponsored, it is done so only till he or she is in the sports hostel which is upt0 16 years of age, there is no follow up on the other players after they leave the hostel, there by many quality players are lost.

“India is among a handful of countries where the government has a say and intereference in sports, if that changes, and the benefits of the numerous government schemes reach the players directly and on time, sports in India especially martial arts will scale to reach great heights,” voiced out Kebiraj on the changes he expects in the country’s sports arena.

An aspiring chartered accountant and journalist. Also, a passionate photographer , an avid reader with a heart filled with wanderlust, adventures are always a yes! I like to meet new people, learn about different cultures whilst being deeply intrigued by history and Indian mythology. Long drives, walks, and soothing music fuel my soul. Doodling and painting helps me battle boredom. I believe in looking a little beyond everyday and everything for simplicity is peaceful and life, truly. Briefly, a nerd who is out of the box, an artist by choice, writer by passion and photographer by obsession.

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India

Ram Mandir Opening For “Darshan” In 2023

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Ram Mandir Opening 2023 | News Aur Chai

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is expected to allow visitors by December 2023, with the completion of construction only in 2025.

Sources in the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra have revealed that the colossal project of building the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, will be opening for devotees towards the end of 2023. In contrast, the project’s entire construction completion is expected towards the end of 2025. The sanctum sanctorum (Garbha Griha), along with the mandir’s first floor, will be ready by December 2023. Devotees will be allowed to visit the long-awaited mandir soon after the construction is completed.

An ANI report said, “The grand Ram Mandir being constructed in Ayodhya will be opened for devotees from December 2023. Sources told ANI that Garbhagriha, all five mandaps and the first floor will be ready by December 2023 and the mandir will be opened for devotees”.

The sanctum sanctorum will be as high as 161 feet and built using Rajasthani marble and stones. Engineers and architects are taking all measures to ensure the longevity of this enormous project. The second stage of construction is expected to begin in December this year. Currently, the structure is at a standstill as a result of monsoons. Another reason for the delay is the coronavirus pandemic that depleted the force with which the mandir’s construction was expected to go on.

The announcement of the mandir being opened to visitors in 2023 has brought up questions about the political agenda. It is believed that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) aims to use the mandir to catapult themselves into a position of advantage during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Opening the mandir to devotees in December 2023 will give the BJP an easy 6-month gap to the general elections in 2024.

The opening of the long-awaited Ram Mandir in Ayodhya could be the factor that diverts the public, at least the Hindu’s in favour of BJP. Thus, securing them a vote bank based on religious sentiments upheld by the party in their previous tenure as the ruling party.

The Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir will be 360 feet long, 235 feet wide, and 20 feet high mandir will be completely ready by the end of 2025. The project will include amenities and structures like museums, archives, research centre, Sant Niwas, gau and Yagya shala, Etc. The main attraction is the Ram Mandir.

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Business

How SEBI’s New Margin Rule Is Affecting Retail Traders?

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SEBI Margin Rule | News Aur Chai

Securities and Exchange Board of India has introduced new margin rules for traders. Traders and Brokers are not happy with the new regulations because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trade.

SEBI had introduced the new margin rule in the year 2020 for intraday traders. It is being implemented in a phased manner. Traders were supposed to maintain 25 per cent of the peak margin in the first phase; the margin was raised by 50 per cent in the second phase. In the third phase, as per the new margin rule, intraday traders will have to pay a 100 per cent upfront margin. According to new norms, the margin requirements will be calculated four times during every trading session because the money margin must be greater than the need.

As per the new rule, brokers must collect margin from investors for any purchase or sale, and if they fail to do so, they will have to pay the penalty. Thus, brokers will not receive power of attorney. Brokers cannot use power of attorney for pledging anymore.

Those investors who want to make use of margin will have to create margin pledges separately. As per the new rule, investors will have to pay at least a 30 per cent margin upfront to avail a margin loan. Shares brought today cannot be sold tomorrow. Funds from shares sold today cannot be used for new trades on the same day.

The market experts said that there must be proper adjustments for implementing new rules, or it may create chaos, trouble and disturbance to the market participants. The CEO and founder of Zerodha broking firm, Nithin Kamath tweeted that, “the day when the new rules came into effect was the dreaded day for brokers, exchanges, intraday traders”.

Traders Are Not Happy:

Changes in rules have evoked strong reactions from traders because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trades as per new margin rules. Even the trading in futures and options will become more expensive. Traders are disappointed because they will have to pay up more money to bet in stock markets. As per new margin rules, Traders are also liable for the penalty if the rules are not followed during the trading session. If a trader wants to buy Nifty worth Rs 10 lakh, he will have to pay a 20 per cent margin of around 2 lakh. If the margin of the trader does not meet the need, he will be penalized. Traders will have to pay the minimum amount for opening the Multilateral Trading facility account, and they have to maintain a minor balance at all times.

Why Gas SEBI Introduced A New Margin Rule?

SEBI has introduced new rules to protect retail investors from purchasing difficulty. The intended goal of SEBI behind new margin rules is to bring down the difficult market situation and avoid huge fluctuation in stock markets during extreme stress. The new margin rules are likely to bring transparency to the market; it is expected to strengthen the market’s safety.

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World

Escalation Of COVID-19 Cases Across The Globe

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COVID Case Spike 2021 | News Aur Chai

The United States, India, and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, followed by France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Turkey. There are very few locations that have remained undisturbed.

Since the middle of last year, confirmed cases have been increasing. Although the actual scope of the first outbreaks in 2020 is unknown because testing was not generally available at the time. The 100 million COVID-19 cases were discovered at the end of January, over a year after it was first diagnosed. As of 6:30 p.m. CEST on July 30, 2021, WHO has received reports of 196,553,009 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 4,200,412 fatalities. A total of 3,839,816,037 vaccination doses has been delivered as of July 28, 2021.

After reaching a record high of over 0.9 million cases on April 28, 2021, new daily instances of the coronavirus continued to decline, reaching a low point on June 21, when over 0.3 million cases were reported. Since then yet, there has been a global increase in cases. On July 15, 0.53 million daily cases were reported, and over three million new cases were reported in the second week of the month. As of July 15, 188.9 million patients have been recorded worldwide. The transmissive Delta form accounting for most infections in 111 countries. Most instances were recorded in Brazil, India, Indonesia, the United Kingdom, and Colombia in the last week. With the steepest increases in Zimbabwe (72%), Indonesia (44%), the United States (38%), Bangladesh (35%), and the United Kingdom (30%). Many Asian nations, including Vietnam, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan, have reported many daily cases. However, the spread was under control.

The number of new cases in Indonesia has been on the rise, with each day seeing a significant increase over the previous day. Indonesia is now the new Asian epicentre, with 56,757 cases recorded on July 15; India reported 39,000 patients on the same day. COVID-19 fatalities are high, according to WHO. After decreasing for nine weeks, with the highest increases in Africa and Southeast Asia. COVID-19 fatalities worldwide surpassed four million on July 7. The last million deaths occurred in under 90 days, the lowest time interval for every one million deaths ever recorded.

High vaccination coverage has been shown in the United States and much of Europe to lower fatalities and even hospitalizations. For example, United Kingdom rises in incidence. There has been fewer hospitalizations and deaths over 87% of the adult population, as they are vaccinated with one dose and over 67% with two doses. In the United States, the increase in cases is concentrated in states with low vaccination coverage, with unvaccinated people accounting for most deaths. Over 55% of Americans have received one dosage, and 48% are completely immunized. It shifts the focus back to improving vaccination coverage and achieving global vaccine equality to avoid fatalities and the spread of dangerous strains. Some nations debate a booster dosage. Even though many African countries’ healthcare professionals have not been completely vaccinated, booster injections have begun to be given to patients with weakened immune systems in Israel.

In comparison, booster shots have been ruled out in the United States for the time being. With vaccine shortages reported in many Indian states. Even among the vaccinated, rigorous adherence to COVID-appropriate behaviour is the only option to postpone and mitigate the consequences of a third wave.

This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. But the global numbers continue to grow. The Delta variety leads them to well-vaccinated regions such as Western Europe and the United States, low but rising infections. This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. Vaccine doses have been given to over 4 billion individuals globally (52 for every 100 people), yet the discrepancy is striking. More than 80% of the population had at least one shot in some wealthy nations. In contrast, the proportion is as low as 1% in many of the poorest.

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