It isn’t insufficient infrastructure but, underutilised and poorly maintained infrastructure that is failing to produce champions from the state.
Sports have always been one of the top priorities in Tamil Nadu, and when Mariappan won the gold in the 2016 Paralympics, it was a moment of pride for the state. Tamil Nadu is home to some exceptional sports persons like Vishwanathan Anand, Ravichandran Ashwin, Dipika Pallikal, Narain Karthikeyan and Joshna Chinappa. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu, headed by Thiru K. Pandiarajan, the honourable Minister for School education, Archaeology, Youth Welfare and Sports Development Department, Government of Tamil Nadu is very ambitious and active in the promotion of sports in the state.
The state level games for the CM trophy were held in December- January 2016-17 with a budget of Rs.8.09 crores. 599 men and women winners of various sports in different categories were awarded prize money that totalled to about Rs.5.66crores. The scheme has been in place since 2013 and the winners get a prize money of Rs.1 lakh for first place, Rs.75,000 for the second place and Rs.50,000 for the third place. With the scholarship applications invited in august 2016, the state also awards scholarships to the national and international medalists. These schemes, coupled with the state of the art sports facilities help in the thriving of sports in the state.
The state has about 29 sports hostels, multi-purpose indoor stadia in five districts built at a cost of Rs1.5crore each and five modern-day stadia in the capital city, Chennai among the other small playgrounds and practice courts for various sports. Also, the Aquatic stadium in Velachery and the Nehru stadium were renovated recently to upgrade facilities and meet international standards. “The pool and the complex is now renovated to accommodate international games thereby meeting the purpose it was originally built for,” said a spokesperson from the aquatic complex, as a representative of the SDAT.
Identifying talent at a very young age and building it further is very crucial in sports and thereby, the state introduced and implemented the World Beater’s talent spotting scheme in 2002 with a sanctioned fund of Rs.14.37 lakhs. The scheme identifies students of classes 6-8 who are exceptional in sports through a battery of tests conducted by the physical education department of their respective schools across the state. “There are about 678 students who are currently benefited out of the scheme,” said V.V. Raja, the Asst. Public Information officer, RTI of the SDAT. The scheme does not just focus on sports talents but also ensures the academic soundness of the candidates. There are educational and regional level competitions to identify the academically sound sports candidates. “We take only those students who are good in education as well and only with those with the best educational cut-offs in the district are admitted to benefit out of the scheme,” Raja adds. For the purpose of the scheme, the schools have to maintain a separate sports report card for every student and send in results to the sports development authority of the state this, is followed by selection and trial camps held over the summer.
There is also the champion development scheme implemented by the Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu that offers up to 25 lakh per year to a maximum of five years for the development of promising athletes. “This scheme covers everything from coaching and diet to health aspects of the sports person,” Raja says. But the question of the actual production of quality athletes is a matter of debate as the state does not hold a prominent position in sports on the national front. “One of the main reasons for underperformance is studies,” Raja says. “Sports isn’t given any importance as compared to studies. Students start taking off from practice once they reach either the 10th or the 12th standard and that break leads them in taking a long time for a come back later or making them quit it,” he adds.
“I don’t know about these schemes at all, I am not aware of them, hence I end up spending my parents’ money for all my coaching, matches etc,” says Akash Ganesan a national level badminton player from Chennai. Akash, who represented the state in the 2015 nationals in Sivakasi says that though the infrastructure for badminton in the state is sufficient, coupled with good coaches, there is not much financial support. “Only the top five players from the state get financial aid and that too in the form of sponsorships from companies and sports brands,” he says.
However, according to data given by the SDAT, 2,060 students are trained in various sports hostels across the state with an annual expenditure up to 90,000 per student. Also, 678 school students are being sponsored under the world beaters scheme for the year 2015-2016.
The State also has modern facilities and stadia and hosts the nation’s only annual ATP tournament and Indian International Regatta along with the usual cricket tours, Hero ISL and IPL matches. “There are enough stadia to conduct matches and practice,” says Vikasini Mariappan, who represents the district in basketball. “The only problem we face is that these stadia aren’t maintained properly and in case of any repairs, they aren’t fixed immediately,” she adds. Mr. Jawahar, a volleyball coach from the city agrees with Vikasini Mariappan, “It’s wonderful how they renovated the Nehru stadium and the Aquatic complex but, this renovation will hardly be maintained,” he says. There is a shortage of maintenance staff in these stadia. “The stadia require regular maintenance on a daily basis with a minimum of 10-15 people but, there are hardly that many people working for it there it only during the commercial tournaments that they bring in a huge maintenance team and conduct the large-scale matches,” he said.
The rural areas and the small towns have some of the best infrastructures for sports, “Places like Tirunelveli, Madurai, Trichy, etc. have large playgrounds in every school, while space remains a luxury in the schools in the city,” Jawahar added. “Some of the best players of the district and state team are from towns like Trichy, Madurai etc,” said Vikasini. The infrastructure in these towns, clearly reflecting on the performance of the athletes hailing from there.
The coaches provided by the SDAT are also well qualified and offer the best training to the sports persons. “The coaches are all former players and their experience and understanding of the game results in them giving quality training,” Akash says, recounting his training for the nationals.
Sports is taken very seriously by everyone in the department and every match, conducted by the government is of high quality and courts or tracks used are all well maintained and prepared for it. “State level matches have the best quality courts, referees and accommodation,” Vikasini adds. All these matches help in recognising some of the best players and athletes and pave way for them getting into an educational institution in the sports quota, which sometimes has a reversal of intended purpose. “There are about 500 seats in the sports quota, the students use this to get into top colleges and once the admission is secured, they shift focus to studies, leading to a drop in their performance and thus resulting in the state losing another athlete to education,” Raja says. The state teams and athletics contingent is ultimately filled with those who are ready to give priority to sports over education, which may not always give desired results. “We need to train brilliant people, people with the sports talent but with less wit and presence of mind on the filled will do more harm than good to the team,” Raja said, outlining how the sportspersons who give priority to sports are not very academically sound and brilliant.
Mariappan is one of the few sports persons who cashed the benefits of the state sports infrastructure and converted it into an Olympic gold. With generous cash rewards and multiple tournaments being conducted on a regular basis in different sports, the state is looking at sending a larger contingent to the next Olympics. Speaking at the inauguration of India International Regatta, Minister for Sports Thiru. K Pandiarajan said that the state was also looking to pioneer in watersports by including a team of sailors in its next Olympic contingent. “It might be a small number by international standards but, for us, it will be our largest ever contingent,” he said, about the goal of TN to send more than 24 athletes to the next Olympics and bring home medals.
All About The Bhainsa Riots
Communal riots broke out in the town of Bhainsa in Telangana after altercations between Hindu and Muslim youth-led to stone pelting on March 7, 2021. Thirty-eight people have been arrested in connection with these riots, the majority being members of the right-wing nationalist organization Hindu Vahini. The police are on the lookout for 70 more people whose parts in the riots have been established.
What Happened In Bhainsa
Two, two-wheeler bourne youths named Thoth Mahesh and Dattu Patel attacked a Rizwan in Zulfiqar Gali. Rizwan and his friends went looking for the two attackers in Batli Gali. There they were beaten up by Mahesh and Dattu and their friends. Stone pelting followed between people of the two communities after one of the friends of Mahesh and Dattu again went to Zulfiqar Gali to buy alcohol and picked up a fight with members of the other community. A constable who tried to intervene and stop the fight sustained head injuries. Section 144 was imposed in the riot-affected areas.
Y. Nagi Reddy, the inspector general of the north zone, has said that 26 cases have been registered about the violence. The 38 people that have been arrested also include four minors. Twelve people, three of which were police officers, were injured in the stone-pelting. Four houses, thirteen shops, four rickshaws, six cars, and five two-wheelers were set on fire riots.
IGP Reddy said, “People belonging to one group were informed, gathered, and were sent to places under the guidance of Abdul Khabeer alias Baba, AIMIM party’s Counsellor from 15th ward.” He added, “The second group was led by Thota Vijay, Counsellor from 8th Ward and ex-president of Hindu Vahini. Some of the arsons committed on the second and the third day and night…..were led by Santhosh, who is the district president of Hindu Vahini.” He also clarified that the investigation was being conducted in an unbiased manner and that the instigators were identified using CCTV footage and Nenusaitham initiative geotagged cameras.
The Other Side Of The Story
Bandi Sanjay Kumar, the state BJP chief, alleged that the police were torturing Hindu Vahini members. He said that the party would complain to the central government against the state police’s third-degree interrogation methods. He also wrote to Telangana’s governor accusing Muslim “infiltrators” from Maharashtra of causing communal tensions in Bhainsa.
“AIMIM leader Mohammad Jabir Ahmed is the cause for communal violence in Bhainsa. They have been involved in land grabbing for a time now and when the local Hindus…… have been spreading the news via social media, communal violence has begun,” BJP MP Dharmapuri Arvind told news agency Asian News International.
The official spokesperson of the ruling TRS Krishank pushed back criticism of the State Government by saying, “Chief Minister K Chandrashekhar Rao has always been very serious against the communal violence in the state.” He assured action against the riot perpetrators and said, “Strict action will be taken against the people resorting to communal violence in the state and also those who are spreading rumours across social media and are creating disturbances in the society.”
Why is Nodeep Kaur Making Headlines?
Nodeep Kaur is a 23-year-old Dalit Labour Rights Activist from Punjab. She is a member of the Mazdoor Adhikar Sanghatan, an organization based in the Kundli Industrial Area of Haryana which works for workers’ rights. She was involved in a protest with labourers at Kundli, on the border of Haryana and Delhi. The protest was about demanding higher wages for workers. It was also in solidarity with the ongoing farmers’ protests against the new farm laws. She was arrested on January 12. A string of charges was made against her following her arrest, including Section 307 (Attempted Murder). Her sister Rajveer Kaur alleged that the police have tortured and sexually abused Nodeep.
Nodeep Kaur comes from a Dalit family from Gandera Village in the Sri Muktsar Sahib district of Punjab. Her family is one of the activists, her parents are associated with a farmer’s union, and her sister is a member of the Bhagat Singh Chhatra Ekta Manch. After the lockdown restrictions eased, she started working at a factory in Sonipat, Haryana. She also joined the Mazdoor Adhikar Sangathan around this time.
In a video shared by Canadian Poet Rupi Kaur, Nodeep Kaur can talk about Farmer-Labourer Unity. She speaks in support of the farmers’ protests and says that it is not a sole cause, and everyone needs to come out in support of the farmers.
on january 12—haryana police abducted nodeep kaur from her tent at singhu protest. since then she has been beaten & sexually assaulted while under police custody.
nodeep is 23 yold punjabi dalit woman & trade union activist who has been bravely speaking up about the protests. pic.twitter.com/XvN6TJwKj8
— rupi kaur (@rupikaur_) January 31, 2021
Why Was She Arrested?
Nodeep is a dedicated Labour rights activist. She was involved in a protest, and her associates at the Kundli border demanding higher wages for workers. The protest coincided with the ongoing farmers’ protests and was in solidarity with them. On January 12, a team of Sonipat Police went to the Kundli Industrial Area (KIA), acting on the information of alleged manhandling of management and the staff of a unit and extorting money from them. The police said Kaur and her associates attacked police with sticks and injured seven personnel. Her associates managed to flee, but she got arrested following the incident. She was produced before the court and sent to jail the same day.
The police say they did not seek remand. Sonipat Superintendent of Police said there were prior complaints of extortion against Nodeep Kaur, and a case was registered on December 28 2020. A slew of charges was pressed against her, including Murder, Extortion, Theft, Rioting, Unlawful Assembly, Extortion and Criminal Intimidation and other offences under Sections 148, 149, 332, 353, 186, 384, 379-b, 307. She was sent to the Karnal Jail in Haryana following her arrest.
Allegations Of Sexual Abuse And Torture In Custody
Rajveer, Nodeep’s older sister, visited her in Karnal Jail after her arrest. There, Nodeep told her of the alleged assault by police in Custody. She has alleged that there were no women police officers, and she was taken aside by male cops and beaten black and blue. Rajveer said that she was beaten publicly by male officers, dragged by her hair to the police van. She also said that Nodeep was beaten with sticks and shoes, including her private parts, which caused heavy bleeding. There are also allegations of sexual abuse by male police personnel.
The police vehemently deny these allegations and said that she was kept in the ladies’ waiting room and was accompanied by two female police officers for the entire duration of her stay.
Nodeep claims no medical examination was conducted following her arrest, violating Section 54 of the Criminal Procedure Code. She also claimed that she was made to sign blank papers in Custody. On the contrary, police say that she was taken to the civil hospital to undergo a general medical examination and special medical examination for sexual assault by a lady doctor. But Nodeep did not undergo a medical examination, and she gave a written statement to the doctor stating that she did not want to be examined since she wasn’t assaulted. Denying these allegations, the police said that Kaur did not speak about any assault in front of the magistrate. They called these allegations “an afterthought”.
Her advocate Arshdeep Singh Cheema questioned the statement and asked why the police made two separate requests for medical examinations in the first place.
On January 15, she applied for a medical examination before the magistrate. The magistrate ordered the examination had to be done on January 18. However, her medical examination happened only on January 25, 13 days after her arrest. Cheema claimed that this delay was done to allow her injuries to heal. The medical report later produced before the court pointed out that she did have purplish bruises on her body caused by blunt objects or weapons. Cheema said that these were indicative of the torture she was subjected to by the police.
International Attention For The Case
This case received very little attention before February 6. It was brought to the spotlight by Meena Harris, niece of US Vice President Kamala Harris.
Weird to see a photo of yourself burned by an extremist mob but imagine what they would do if we lived in India. I'll tell you—23 yo labor rights activist Nodeep Kaur was arrested, tortured & sexually assaulted in police custody. She's been detained without bail for over 20 days. pic.twitter.com/Ypt2h1hWJz
— Meena Harris (@meena) February 5, 2021
Her tweet came in response to the hate she received from Right Wing Hindutva elements alongside American and Canadian celebrities like Rihanna, Mia Khalifa and Rupi Kaur for speaking in support of the farmer’s protests.
Rajveer expressed her disappointment in the media about the little coverage it got before Harris’s tweet. Following sustained international recognition, many people domestically started speaking actively about the case and demanding Nodeep Kaur and other jailed activists’ release.
Progression Of Court Proceedings
Three First Information Reports (FIRs) were filed against Kaur, FIR numbers 26, 649 and 25. On February 2, a local court denied her bail application. However, the Government authorities were quick to act after international and domestic furore about her arrest picked up post-February 6. On February 8, the Punjab State Commission for Scheduled Castes asked the Additional Chief Secretary (Home) to provide relief.
The Punjab and Haryana High Court took suo motu cognizance of Kaur’s illegal confinement and alleged police torture on February 12 after receiving complaints of the same via email on 6th and 8th February. The court posted this matter to be heard on February 24 (also the initial date of Kaur’s third bail plea hearing).
On February 12, she got bail on one of the cases, FIR no. 649, which dealt with rioting and other charges. On February 15, she got bail on the second case, FIR no. 26, which dealt with extortion. Her third and final bail application for the case registered under FIR no. 25, which dealt with murder and other charges, was filed on February 15. It was supposed to be heard on February 24, but the court adjourned the case after finding that the state’s medical records were not put on record. The matter was heard finally on Friday, February 26, where she finally got bail.
Justice Avneesh Jhingan also heard the suo motu matter along with the bail plea. This matter will now be discussed in April. Now that Kaur has received bail in all three cases, she got released from jail.
Julian Assange’s Extradition Rejected by UK Court
On January 4, the UK Court ruled that the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange should not be extradited to the United States of America to face criminal charges including breaking a spy law, as his present mental health complications suggest the risk of suicide attempt.
However, USA has stated that it would pursue the extradition and US prosecutors are ready to appeal the decision to London’s High Court.
Who is Julian Assange?
The 49-year-old Australian-born Assange has been accused of 18 offences regarding the release by WikiLeaks of a wide range of confidential US military records and diplomatic cables that may endanger the safety of lives. Assange, who spent a significant part of the last decade either in prison or self-imposed confinement, has been denied bail and remains in jail.
The US Justice Department claims that it has won on all the legal points, including political motivation and freedom of speech-related arguments, and thus, it would continue to seek Assange’s extradition.
USA’s government take:
The Obama administration did not prosecute Assange due to concerns about the precedent the case could set in free speech and journalism. Assange’s legal team has held the outgoing US President Donald Trump responsible for pressuring the concerning launch of the US effort for extradition, which could cause a grave threat to press freedom.
However, the White House has not issued any immediate comment on the ruling and Trump administration has given mixed messages. In contrast, the President-elect Joe Biden’s side has refrained from commenting.
Trump had shown his approval to WikiLeaks shortly before the 2016 presidential election for releasing hacked emails which landed his opponent Hillary Clinton in an embarrassing position. However, after Trump took office, his first CIA director Mike Pompeo stated that WikiLeaks was “a non-state hostile intelligence service”.
Ruling of UK Judge and further deteriorating condition of Julian:
Judge Vanessa Baraitser said that her judgment was based only on the possibility of Assange attempting suicide if kept in a US maximum security jail as he suffered from severe depression at intervals and had been diagnosed with autism.
In May 2019, half a razor blade had been discovered in his London jail cell. Assange also told the medical staff that he was having suicidal thoughts and making plans for the same. Baraitser also said that Assange made regular calls to the Samaritans suicide-prevention charity from prison.
According to Baraitser, “I find that Mr Assange’s risk of committing suicide, if an extradition order were to be made, to be substantial. The overall impression is of a depressed and sometimes despairing man, who is genuinely fearful about his future.”
For Assange’s supporters, the ruling was a victory, but the threat of extradition still looms large over his head. His partner Stella Moris said, “I call on the President of the United States to end this now: Mr President, tear down these prison walls, let our little boys have their father. Free Julian, free the press, free us all.”
People in support considers Julian as “Hero”:
Assange supporters consider him to be an anti-establishment hero, a victim for exposing US wrongdoings in Afghanistan and Iraq. Supporters claim his prosecution is to be a politically motivated assault on the press and freedom of speech.
However, the US prosecutors and Western security officials regard him to be a dangerous enemy of the state whose reckless actions in leaking classified information, has imperilled the lives of the agents, named in the material.
On the other hand, Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said that his country would extend political asylum to Assange and he is in favour of pardoning him.
History of Legal trails with different governments:
Assange’s legal battles began when Sweden sought his extradition from Britain over alleged sex crimes. He lost the case in 2012 and fled to the Ecuadorian embassy in London and stayed there for seven years. In April 2019, Assange was finally dragged out from there and imprisoned for breaching British bail conditions. The Swedish case has been dropped till that time. The US Justice Department formally asked Britain last June to extradite him.
However, Baraitser has rejected Trump’s team’s claims for pressuring the US prosecutors due to lack of evidence of hostility on Trump’s part and shunned the claims of the case being political and threatening freedom of speech.
She also said that Assange’s chances of getting a fair trial in the USA were adequate though she believes that Assange had breached investigative journalism boundaries. But she also feels that if Assange is found guilty, he would be sent to ADX Florence maximum security prison (SAM) in almost complete isolation where he could devise a plan of committing suicide, despite their preventive measures.
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