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Delhi Election: What Must Be Rectified Immediately?



Delhi Election: What Must Be Rectified Immediately?

A society without corruption and bribes – a government for the people, by the people and of the people was the vision which the Aam Aadmi Party had created in the 2015 Lok Sabha Elections making Delhi hungry for a new administration and functional structure which the Congress Party or Bharatiya Janta Party failed to offer.

For a long time, Delhi used to be a two-horse race between the Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It was a change long-awaited with the approach of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in 2013. With an astounding majority of 67 seats out of 70 seats in Delhi, AAP came into power in 2015 at the expense of decades of ruling by the Congress Party.

The issues which troubled the heart of Delhi, which the earlier parties could not successfully provide a solution to or failed in their implementation; that’s when AAP came forward and assured the people that the capital of the country would not be troubled due to lack of proper governance.

Major issues Delhi faced after the election of 2015 

Water supply: Delhi faced a lack of 172 MGD of water each day with the issue so intense that in territories like Dwarka – occupants were forced to purchase water from private players.

Power: AAP had decreased the electricity charges by half, after the exit of their administration in February the subsidy finished which lead to an increase in power charges once again.

Education: Affordable and quality instruction was a major issue, especially with voters who are youthful guardians. Even though there were a considerable number of schools in the city, the inclination for a couple of ‘decent schools’ caused a significant problem. Arrangement of teachers in government-run schools is another issue.

Current issues faced by the capital

Full statehood for Delhi – Full statehood for Delhi has been one of the Delhi Government’s selling points in the 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha elections. It essentially implies that the State has control over the finance and the police force, making the Delhi government directly accountable to the public without the Central Control.

Pollution – Delhi government had said that incentives would be provided for low-emission fuels like CNG and electricity to reduce pollution. However, the smog only thickened, and the Odd-Even scheme it introduced twice actually led to an overall increase in vehicular emission, according to several studies, and increased pressure on public transport was also seen. Secondly, even though the agenda was to plant 35 lakh trees across the city,  data from the forest department shows that until July 2018, the administration had allowed the felling of over 17,115 trees in the north, south, and west zones.

Social welfare – On other social fronts, the administration’s exhibition hasn’t been sufficient. Delhi hasn’t liberated from the medication hazard—33 per cent of Delhi’s road kids are dependent on liquor and medications, as indicated by a recent report from AIIMS. Sellers target young students specifically, and one of each six kids in East Delhi is dependent on drugs, said the investigation.

Accessibility for the disabled – This is another aspect where the administration has been lingering behind. Despite being the national capital, Delhi remains to be a great extent out of reach to its disabled inhabitants which are around two lakhs in population.

Employment – Inability to give occupation to 8 lakhs of individuals in the population. The legislature had planned to make the first-since forever Delhi Skill Mission to prepare and empower 1 lakh youth for every year for the initial two years, increase to 5 lakh youth for each year for the following three years. Be that as it may, a senior authority of the Directorate of Training and Technical Education said the plan didn’t work out. The Delhi Employment Exchange, answering to a question documented by the Delhi Congress’ RTI Cell, said jobs had been given to 102 individuals in 2016, 66 individuals in 2017, and 46 individuals until April 2018.

Water as a right – The administration hasn’t conveyed on its guarantee to give channelled water to all. More than 650 JJ (Jhuggi Jhopri) groups and another 100 unapproved provinces don’t have an association — the Delhi Jal Board says it has just had the option to give water to seven JJ bunches till March 2019. Occupants of a few groups and settlements are subject to Delhi Jal Board and private tankers. The quantity of unregistered water tankers has likewise gone up in Delhi, and there is no guideline as to from where they source water and who they give it to.

Promise to farmers – In July 2018, to “triple” the salary of farmers in the national capital, the administration endorsed a farm solar power scheme to give an extra payment of Rs 1 lakh for each section of land every year to farmers. Under the plan, farmers would have the option to provide 33 per cent of their property to privately owned businesses on lease for Rs 1 lakh for each section of land on a yearly basis. The legislature had said that the lease would increment by 6 per cent every year. The scheme was likely to be rolled out by March 2019, but is yet to see the light of day.

Despite the high promise of the government over the period, major issues such as water shortage, level of education in the capital or the safety of women remained temporarily solved with no permanent solution in sight. With the upcoming election in February 2020, the government might finally deliver on its promises.


All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021



National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations



Fake News II News Aur Chai

Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.

Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.

Fake News Stories

  • On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
  • On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
  • Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
  • On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
  • In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.

Need of Accountability

False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.

If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.


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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained



Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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