Connect with us

Vichar

Women: Pillars Of Modern India

Published

on

Women: Pillars Of Modern India

The administration has started to take actions as far-reaching strategies to build the interest of women in the workforce throughout the following five years at a rate of 30 per cent, under the Bharatiya Janata Party’s manifesto.

Targetted realms are that of tax incentives for companies with women employment level over an edge, execution of existing enactment in the local area and liberal approaches to empower ladies to come back to work, among others.

Here are a few schemes/plans/ programs launched by the BJP government to mention a few;

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana

Launched on January 22, 2015, in Panipat, Haryana, it intends to create mindfulness and improve the proficiency of government assistance administrations for the Girl child. The underlying point of the movement was to address the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR). However, CSR reflects both pre-birth discriminations manifested through gender-biased sex selection and post-birth discrimination against girls.

Primarily, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao was released to tend to the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and different issues identified with the ladies empowerment like :

  1. To help evacuate sexual orientation based segregation and discrimination and elimination
  2. To ensure that the girl child is protected.
  3. To furnish the young girl child with education and empowering her interest.

This plan isn’t only profiting for the girl child but also the whole society. The Government has spent more than Rs 150 crore to expand the changes under BBBP.

Women: Pillars Of Modern India

Source: Wikipedia

In the present day world, the whole society is experiencing a severe need to change the methodology towards ladies and young female children.

Following similar standards, different pilot plans are additionally introduced to keep up stable sex proportion, accessibility on equivalent facilities and opportunity to all the females around the country.

This scheme can only support; it cannot completely solve the problem of girl children; it needs backing from all the citizens of India. Rules and regulations are made to reduce crimes against girl children, these should be followed strictly, and there should be strict punishment on the violation.

Mahila-E-Haat

Under the domain of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the administration propelled Mahila-E-Haat in 2016. It is a bilingual internet advertising platform that use innovation to help hopeful ladies business visionaries, self-improvement gatherings, and NGOs to feature their items and administrations.

The initiative has been seen as a groundbreaking scheme, a modern vision for developing and empowering the status of Indian females. To bring them financial stability and independence by providing them with a platform where they can showcase their talent and hard work.

Women: Pillars Of Modern India

Source: Government’s Official Site

This online portal has received a request from above 1.25 lakh women and 10000 self-help groups.

This platform provides space and opportunity for the womenfolk to promote and showcase their products online– of multitude characteristics and respective adherence to cultures that include jewellery, pottery, home décor and many more.

This unbiased portal brings transparency to the system now assuring fewer crimes against sellers and consumers both. The transactions are carried out without mediation.

This initiative came to rescue the women who have talent but have lacked the technical know-how, availability of a platform and/or affordability. It aims to make women self-dependent financially and provides them with a direction in their life.

Mahila Shakti Kendra

The legislature launched the Mahila Shakti Kendra in 2017 to enable rustic ladies with open doors for aptitude advancement, work, computerized proficiency, wellbeing and nourishment.

The Mahila Shakti Kendras will work through network commitment through understudy chips in the 115 most reverse areas.

Network commitment through College Student Volunteers is working in 115 mostly in backward places as a feature of the Block Level activities and during FY 2017-18, 50 for a start, in these backward regions to be covered (8 squares for every area).

Women: Pillars Of Modern India

Source: Government’s Official Site

The yearly spending plan for square level exercises is Rs 35.36 lakh per square. New District Level Centers for Women have additionally been visualized for 640 regions to be canvassed in a staged way (220 areas during FY 2017-18, 220 more in 2018-19 and staying 200 of every 2019-20). These focuses will fill in as a connection between the town, square and state levels in encouraging ladies driven plans and offer solid footing to BBBP at the locale level. The yearly spending plan for each District Level Center for Women is Rs 12.30 lakh.

This data was given by Minister of State for Women and Child Development, Dr.Virendra Kumar in a composed answer to an inquiry in Rajya Sabha.

NITI Ayog has recommended a component for checking of result based pointers. PMMSK Scheme will have an inbuilt checking structure at the Central, State, District and Block levels. To satisfy the target of guaranteeing to intermingle of activity and cost-effectiveness, a typical team will be made at the region, state and national levels for arranging, observing and inspecting all the sub-conspires under the Umbrella Scheme.

All the sub-plots under “Crucial Protection and Empowerment for Women” target improving the declining youngster sex proportion, guaranteeing endurance and security of the young girl child, ensuring her education and engaging her to satisfy her potential through a limit building.

PMMSK Scheme will engage ladies from the total areas, through network cooperation to make a domain in which they understand their maximum capacity.

PMMSKs will be set up across 115 most in reverse regions of the nation to connect with these ladies and encourage wellbeing, sustenance, ability advancement, work, computerized proficiency, and many more.

Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP)

The STEP Scheme aims to provide aptitudes that offer employability to ladies also to give skills and expertise that empower ladies to become independently employed/business visionaries. The Scheme is planned to profit ladies who are in the age gathering of 16 years or more the nation over. The grant under the Scheme is given to a foundation/association including NGOs straightforwardly and not the States/UTs.

According to the 1991 Census, 407.1 million ladies are representing 47.1 per cent of Country’s total population. Of those, 91.40 million are in work power, and 90 per cent of them are in the casual area with no administrative security plus with the most exceedingly awful state of working.

The National Commission for Self Employed Women and Women in the Informal Sector (1988) which made a situational audit of ladies in the casual sector had recommended presentation of defensive estimates; guaranteeing the assurance of business and salary age least wages, government assistance, preparing and up-gradation of abilities, and others. Towards this end, a program for ladies (STEP) was propelled in 1986 as one of the measures to guarantee the prosperity of ladies in the conventional casual segment

From the beginning, the focal job of ladies in the public arena has guaranteed the security, advance and long haul improvement of countries.

All-inclusive, ladies, involve 43 per cent of the world’s rural work power – ascending to 70 per cent in certain nations. For example, across Africa, 80 per cent of the rural creation originates from little ranchers, the vast majority of whom are provincial ladies. It broadly acknowledged that agribusiness could be the motor of development and poverty decrease in constructing countries. Ladies, prominently moms, assume the biggest job in dynamic about family supper arranging and diet. Furthermore, ladies self-report all the more regularly their drive-in, saving kid wellbeing and sustenance.

The excursion of freedom of women has crossed numerous achievements and the general public has, in reality, progressed significantly. They have battled hard in the course of the most recent couple of decades yet at the same time had the option to build up their own personality effectively.

The present ladies are enhanced with persistence and constancy, which has helped them to accomplish the apex of achievement. Prior, ladies were considered uniquely to be housewives who were anticipated to cook, clean and deal with their family.

Today, alongside taking care of intense customers at the office, they effectively perform multiple tasks at home as well. Ladies are progressively engaged and have a compelling dynamic force even at senior initiative level, in an ideal way, plus are in a superior situation than men. Engaging ladies can assist the general public with growing and create at a quicker pace. We are certainly upgrading the world.

I am an aspiring civil servant with keen interests in politics , defence and histories . Want the world to be a place of trust and humanity , where one receives reliable information . Let peace prevail .

Continue Reading
1 Comment

Explainer

All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

Published

on

National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

Continue Reading

Vichar

Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations

Published

on

Fake News II News Aur Chai

Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.

Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.

Fake News Stories

  • On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
  • On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
  • Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
  • On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
  • In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.

Need of Accountability

False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.

If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.

 

Continue Reading

Explainer

Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained

Published

on

Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

Continue Reading

Most Popular