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Legacy Of US Second Female Justice: Ruth Bader Ginsburg

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Legacy Of US Second Female Justice: Ruth Bader Ginsburg

“When I’m sometimes asked ‘When will there be enough women on the Supreme Court?’ and my answer is: ‘When there are nine.’ People are shocked. But there’d been nine men, and nobody’s ever raised a question about that.” – Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

On Friday, Americans gathered to mourn the demise of a national icon, Second US female Justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg in front of US supreme court. At 87, she took her last breath in Washington, fighting metastatic cancer. Despite being diagnosed with cancer as early as in 1999, she fought bravely for health instead for the liberties of American people.

The mountain achievements came from life and legacy full of struggle and sacrifice. They say “strongest steel is forged by the fires of hell.” Indeed true, Ruth, a five feet small woman, had a resilience of steel.

She was born to an immigrant Jewish family in 1933, raised by single father as her mother Cecelia, a driving force to her, died before Ruth completed her high school. She met her love, Martin, at Cornell University, whom she loved very much till his last breath in 2010, ending a romance of six-decades.

When world didn’t favour women:

In 1950, she was demoted from her job in social security office on account of pregnancy, a prevalent practice during the era.

She later got selected at Harvard, one of the nine women of her class in 1959. Despite this, her tenured Harvard professor thought that giving women a seat is just a waste of time. Her husband was diagnosed with cancer at the same time, leaving her with a 3-year-old child, a fairly sick husband, the law review, classes to attend. Staying awake late and sacrificing sleep is how she becomes an academic star of Harvard Law.

Later, shifting to Columbia with her husband, she became the topper of Columbian Law Class in 1959, thus making her the first woman in history to work at both colleges’ law reviews. Perhaps the saddest part of this achieving story is “Not a law firm in the entire city of New York would employ me, I was struck down for being Jewish, woman and a mother” said Ruth.

Can’t spell truth without Ruth Bader Ginsburg:

The period of 1960s-170s was fuelled with civil right movements in the USA, woman coming out of the cave to support each other, asking for constitutionally protected gender-rights to be on ground reality. Ruth was one such woman, who ended up being a law professor at Rutgers Law School and teaching some of the first female law students.

With fortune favouring the brave, she got her first case “Reed vs Reed” before Supreme Court in 1971 on the matter of man-woman equality in real estate executor as men were preferred over women. Her first legal victory comes with this case where the US Supreme Court in its first, nullified gender-biased law.

She took up several male cases, such as how social security law benefited only widows and not widowers and indicated how gender-discriminatory laws hurt everyone and not just women in general.

Legally Checking Legality Of Laws:

Ruth was nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1980, thus kicking off her career in the jurisdiction. After litigating six crucial cases in the Supreme Court, Bill Clinton, former US President nominated Ruth to the Supreme Court in 1993, making her, the Second Female Jurist in US history. Clinton said “Ruth Bader Ginsburg does not need a seat on the Supreme Court to earn her place in the American history books. She has already done that.”

Her journey as Jurist saw striking down Virginia’s Military Institute law in 1996 which had men-only admission policy. She said “presumptively invalid … a law or official policy that denies to women, simply because they are women, equal opportunity to aspire, achieve, participate in, and contribute to society, based upon what they can do.”

Ruth’s jurisdiction flourished with the case of rights of people with disabilities, wherein she ruled that the states are required to place persons with mental disabilities in community settings rather than forcing in, in institutions.

I Dissent: Notorious Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Dissent: a disapproving expression against the majority. Ruth never shied away from expressing her opinions, even, when it stood against the majority in Court. Dissent came with the renowned case of George W Bush in 2002, the nine benched Court split up in 5-4, holding the Florida Supreme Court’s attempt to allow a recount of votes in the 2000 Presidential election, whereby, Ruth being a liberal, supported recount following voting discrepancies in Florida. She signed off with “I dissent” – thus, removing the adverb “respectfully “which was always used along.

Ruth’s following dissents gave her the adjective “Notorious” on twitter to trend by comparing with late rapper The Notorious BIG. The most crucial dissent being the Voting Rights Act in 2013, wherein Court decided to remove a significant part of the Voting Rights Act Of 1965 which came from the achievement of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

She played a vital part in the judgment of legalising same-sex marriage in all 50 US states and also upholding the affordable health care act, which allows subsidies to Americans who purchase health care.

On her adjective, she commented “It was beyond my wildest imagination that I would one day become the Notorious RBG, “I am now 86 years old, and yet people of all ages want to take their picture with me.” It shows the zeal towards life by Ruth, who considered to be a humorous charming little lady.

In recent years, she voiced against total abortion ban in the Alabama state of USA and has consistently toiled for women’s abortion rights since 1976’s Roe vs Wade case, which legalised abortion in the USA.

Pop- Culture Hero:

Ruth’s attitude and belief had made her the nation-wide pop-culture icon. Merchandise of Ginsburg with a crowned head and title “Notorious RGB” – became the “It” of American society. Her “dissent collar” that she would wear on her court days made her fashionista. The Notorious RBG turned into blogs, writings, fashion, merchandise, documentary, movie and pop culture itself.

Politics of dead:

As per National Public Radio (NPR), in her last days, Ruth told her granddaughter “My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.” Her death leading to a vacancy in US court may change the course of the upcoming presidential election. Heeding to this, US President hours ago promised to put female nominee name within a week. It has infuriated the Democrats on the account that Senate Republicans stopped Democratic President Barack Obama’s choice for the US top court in 2016. Americans want her to wish to be fulfilled.

A woman, a mother and a Jew – the three strikes that turned her down also moulded her into the biggest inspiration in American and international history. Her legacy lies in every person who wants to better the world through legitimate means for “one’s life is not just for oneself but for one’s community” said Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

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Watch: Rajasthan Teachers Travel By Camel To Reach Kids Without Mobile, Internet

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Rajasthan Teacher COVID Teaching | News Aur Chai

Smartphones and internet connections may have become a necessity in metro cities, but they still remain a thing of luxury for many living in rural India. The pandemic has made us more reliant on technology. Though many are privileged to attend offices and classes in the comfort of their homes, there are people who don’t have access to these basic facilities in the times of the COVID-19 pandemic.

To overcome such a challenge, teachers in Rajasthan’s Barmer district have been travelling 10-12 kilometres, on camels, to reach the homes of their students.

In Rajasthan’s western-most district, there are many hamlets, where children have limited access to mobile phones and networks.

“Out of 75 lakh students, many do not have mobile phones. So the state government has decided that teachers will go to their homes once a week for class 1-8, and twice a week for class 9-12,” said Saurav Swami, Director of Rajasthan Education Department.

To bridge the digital divide, the Rajasthan Education Department has launched a unique initiative – ‘Aao Ghar Se Seekhein (come, let’s learn from home)’.

Under this programme, the teachers are going to the homes of the children located in small hamlets and holding the classes on the ground. The sandy terrain makes it extremely difficult for the teachers to reach the students via roadways. Hence, they are using camels to crossover the sand dunes.

A study showed that nearly 13 lakh children in Rajasthan have missed schooling in the one-and-a-half years of the pandemic. These are kids who have no access to mobile phones, so they can’t attend online classes, which are advised due to the highly transmissible nature of the COVID-19 virus.

They are also children from remote villages and hamlets where they are unable to join learning through TV and radio.

Education has been hit particularly hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. While a learning crisis had already existed in the country, the COVID-19 has further worsened the state of the educational system.

Amid such testing times, the programme is being appreciated by the beneficiaries.

“I salute and thank this team of teachers. This should be continued further,” said. Roop Singh Jhakad, Principal, Government Higher Senior School, Bhimthal.


(With Inputs From Agency)

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“Not All Heroes Have BatMobiles, Some Of Them Have AutoRickshaws”: Autos Convert To Ambulances

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Auto Rickshaw Turns Into Ambulance II News Aur Chai

As the second wave of the virus spreads through India, thousands are getting infected and admitted into various medical facilities all over the country. With the second wave, many families have broken beyond repair. The loss of life has been saddening and daunting for India as it continues to fight the virus.

While the Government believes that the situation is “under control”, the health infrastructure has reached its breaking point while tending to every patient. The local superheroes have taken on themselves to enter the battlefield and save as many lives as possible. These superheroes are none other than our beloved Auto Rickshaw drivers.

India has always been a country where most of the population depends on local transportation for their various commutes within the cities, from Mumbai Local Trains to buses and Auto Rickshaws. They are the bloodline of cities that makes the city up and going for work all day for years now.

All of us have an abundance of attachment towards the Mumbai Local trains. It’s an experience that everyone tends to have when in Mumbai. The feeling of happiness you get when your Ola Auto driver doesn’t cancel your ride after an exhausting day at college or work is just inexpressible.

Due to the pandemic, Local transportation is another victim facing the brunt of the virus. Many lives have been affected in the sector, resulting in unemployment for several workers. Yet, our brave Auto Drivers have taken matters into their hands and decided to help people in their city in their unique way.

Reportedly, Auto drivers across the country have converted their Auto Rickshaws into oxygenated ambulances. They provide their services to households facing an issue to get immediate medical help or transportation from the hospitals due to the rush in the Emergency wards.

These oxygenated ambulances have support facilities that can last 6-7 hours and have equipped their ambulances with a PPE kit along with a plastic shield that separates the driver and the patient for safety precautions. The emergency kit includes an oxygen cylinder, oximeter, and sanitiser to provide immediate relief to the patient. Most of these drivers aren’t affiliated with any Non-Governmental Organisations or any other Covid relief groups. They have formed a community to cover localities in the city to reach maximum patients and help save lives.

The Auto-Drivers have been kind enough to provide these services for free. One such example is Javed Mohammed Khan, a citizen of Bhopal Madhya Pradesh. He recently told Quartz India that he believes that money can be managed later. At this point, saving lives is more important. He was motivated to convert his auto into an ambulance by the number of posts and messages he witnessed on his Facebook and WhatsApp regarding the increasing emergency cases and the unavailability of oxygen beds in the city. His act of kindness saved the lives of many people even though it cost him his livelihood.

Similar cases have been reported in Pune, where the auto drivers have initiated a community group called “Jugaad Ambulances,” where drivers provide three oxygen cylinders in their ambulance. They help patients reach a hospital with available oxygen beds for further medical attention. In Pune, 100 such auto drivers are similarly equipped to help the patients safely transfer them to the hospitals. The charges for these services are minimal and free of cost for the poor, reported ANI.

The idea of Auto Ambulances progressed during the second wave. Some auto drivers had been offering these services since the lockdown in March last year. Jitendra Shinde, an auto driver from Kolhapur, Maharashtra, has been helping people with his ambulance since the previous year. He has ferried almost 1000 Covid patients to the hospital.

The reason behind his involvement is that he lost his parents at a young age. He understands the pain of losing family and thus wanted to help prevent loss of life in his city and started to help by using his Auto Rickshaw to ferry the patients back and forth from the hospitals. This act of kindness cost him a 2lakh rupee, but he believes in saving people rather than worrying about the finances.

These local superheroes are putting in extra effort to train themselves on how to read the oximeter and help patients use the oxygen mask even—other essential steps are being followed up in this training. Hence, they help the severe patients with utmost safety until they reach the hospital.

In Maharashtra, these activities are self-initiated. Whereas, In New Delhi, the state government launched a similar service. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) member Sanjay Singh started with ten auto-ambulances and collaborated with a Delhi-based NGO called the TYCIA Foundation (Turn Your Concern Into Action Foundation). These auto-ambulances can carry mild-symptomatic patients with oxygen saturation levels between 85 and 90. These auto-ambulances have circulated their mobile numbers in various WhatsApp groups and Facebook pages for immediate help or transfer to the hospital.

 

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Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti: Peek Into Kabiguru’s Life

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Rabindranath Tagore II News Aur Chai

Rabindranath Tagore, popularly known as “Kabiguru”, was born on May 7, 1861, in Kolkata at Tagore Lahne, Jorashanko Thakur Bari. His father was Debendranath Tagore, and his mother was Sharada Devi. Tagore was a Bengali Brahman and was fondly called by his nickname was “Rab”, or “Rabi”. His name is also written as Rabindranath Thakur in many languages of India. He was an artist, philosopher and poet. He wrote numerous stories, novels, poems and dramas and is also known for composing music. His writings mainly influenced the Bengali culture during the 19th and 20th century. His pen name was Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita). He was the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.

He wrote his first poem at the age of eight. In 1877, Tagore published his first extensive poetry collection and wrote his first short story and drama at the age of sixteen. Tagore also composed many literary works. He also wrote a long poem in Maithili (the language spoken by the people of Mithila, India).

Tagore went to London and enrolled at a public school in Brighton, England, in the year 1878. Tagore wanted to become a barrister, but in 1880, he did not do well in school, and his father called him back from London. On December 9, 1883, Tagore got married to a girl of ten years, Mrinalini Devi. They had five children together, but two of them died in their childhood. During 1878 and 1932, Tagore visited thirty countries across five continents. Tagore wrote around 2,230 songs. His songs and music cover aspects of human emotion, devotional hymns and love songs. “Gitanjali” and “Jeevan Smriti”  by Tagore are still cherished today. Tagore was also known as “Gurudev” and “Bard of Bengal”.

Here are a few things that you need to about him-

  • He is the only person who has written anthems for three countries:
  1. Jana Gana Mana, the National anthem of India.
  2. Amar Shonar Bangla, the National anthem of Bangladesh.
  3. Sri Lanka Matha, the National anthem of Sri Lanka.

 

  • Rabindranath Tagore was not only the first Asian to win a Noble prize but also the first non-European to mark his prominence in literature.
  • He invested his Noble prize money in constructing the school “VisvaBharati” in Shantiniketan.

 

  • In his last years, Tagore took up drawing and painting, and his works were successfully exhibited throughout Europe.

 

  • He was knighted in 1915 by the King George V of England, for his extraordinary contributions to literature. But after the tragic massacre of Jallianwala Bagh in 1919, Tagore renounced his title.
  • Tagore’s Literary Works Find Global Recognition

 

  • The literary works of Tagore are translated into many other languages, and it also found acceptance in the West. Tagore’s poetries, philosophy and political beliefs are studied all over the world, even today.

 

  • Rabindranath Tagore has inspired many generations through his writings, poetry and thoughts. ‘Gitanjali’ by Rabindranath Tagore was published in 1910; it was translated and published into English in 1912. Some of his timeless poems continue to resonate with his creative charm and are still relevant.

Literature II Rabindranath Tagore II News Aur Chai

LATER YEARS AND DEATH

Tagore wrote a hundred-line poem about poverty in Kolkata.  Tagore wrote fifteen volumes of prose poems.  Tagore took an interest in science and essays in his later years. The health of Tagore in his last four years was deplorable. In late 1937, he lost consciousness. He was in a coma for a long time. Eventually, he woke up, but after three years, he went back into a coma. During these years, whenever he was conscious, he wrote poems. He wrote poems about how he came close to death. On August 7, 1941, at the age of 80, Rabindranath Tagore died in his childhood home in Kolkata.

Poem II Rabindranath Tagore

RABINDRANATH TAGORE JAYANTI AMIDST THE PANDEMIC

A senior official said that due to the ongoing lockdown to fight with COVID-19, the West Bengal government has decided to celebrate the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore less colourfully.  The state government will observe the occasion of Rabindra Jayanti at 4 PM on May 8. The honourable chief minister will remain present at the programme. A big celebration like other years, social gatherings will not be allowed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The chief minister will garland the statue of Tagore, and the stage for singing will not be there, the official said.

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