The Calcutta High Court refused to call back its order to probe the post-poll violence in West Bengal after the government of West Bengal filed a plea to recall the mandate. The court passed an order on June 18, 2021, directing the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) to examine the incidents of violence after the West Bengal elections. The NHRC formed a 7-member panel to probe the post-poll violence following the court’s orders.
Violence erupted in West Bengal soon after the electoral results were declared. The Trinamool Congress (TMC) cadre allegedly attacked, humiliated and degraded members and their families of rival political parties.
BJP alleged that 17 of their workers were killed by TMC members within nine days of the electoral verdict. The party cited many events to bolster its claim. For example, the BJP claimed that a worker, Ranjit Das, was murdered and was left hanging from a tree in North 24 Pargana’s Amdanga constituency. The party even circulated a photograph to prove their claim.
The BJP claimed that Kush Khetrapal, a party worker from the Bankura district, was murdered. They circulated another photo of a man hanging from a tree. The police refuted this claim stating the deceased Kush Khetrapal died due to drowning, and there was no violence involved in his death.
Similar stories echoed the point of political killings committed by the TMC workers. However, TMC MLA and spokesperson Tapas Roy rebutted, “Spreading fake news, morphed photographs and edited videos is an old practice of the BJP. Even when a debt-ridden farmer commits suicide or a man takes his life after a failed affair, the BJP sees an opportunity to create a sensation.”
Amidst the war of narratives, the people who were attacked fled to the neighbouring state of Assam. They took shelter in camps set up by the Assam government. Himanta Biswa Sarma, the sitting chief minister of Assam, tweeted the plight of 300-400 Bengal BJP who crossed over to Dhubri in Assam. He urged Mamata Banerjee to stop the ‘ugly dance of democracy’.
Victims staying in these shelter camps narrated their ordeals. Talking to News18, 40-year-old Meghu Das states, “On Tuesday morning, some people came searching for me. They tried to kill me, saying I voted for the BJP and hence it’s time for revenge. It’s an ‘eye for an eye’ for them. I somehow managed to save myself and crossed over to Assam”.
He added he was scared and was living along with 250 people in Rangpagli village. He does not even have the means to perform the last rites of his mother.
Many horror stories are emerging from the area following the elections. Two separate applications requesting an SIT probe into the post-poll violence brought out the horrors endured by women BJP workers and voters. The pleas were moved before the court on May 18, 2021. One appeal was filed by a 60-year-old woman and another by a minor girl.
The 60-year-old woman in her application alleged that she was gang-raped in front of her six-year-old grandson. She said that the supporters of the state’s ruling party committed the crime, which took place on the intervening night of May 4 – May 5.
In the other application, a minor girl from the Scheduled Caste community alleged that she was gang-raped by members of the TMC, which happened on May 9.
The older woman stated that police conduct was unsatisfactory and asked for the case transferred to an SIT or an independent agency. The application of the minor girl held the same request.
The Union Home Ministry and the Calcutta High Court intervened to look into the issue.
Ministry of Home Affairs and Calcutta High Court Intervention
In the wake of the post-poll violence in West Bengal, the Union Home Ministry asked for a report to be submitted. The Home Ministry tweeted, “MHA has asked the West Bengal government for a report on the post-election violence targeting opposition political workers in the state”. The ministry also sought a report on the law and order situation from the West Bengal Governor Jagdeep Dhankar.
The four-member team formed by the Centre submitted its report on May 28 2021, and presented it to Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, G Kishan Reddy. The team visited the South 24 Parganas and North 24 Paraganas districts of the state and spoke to the locals and family members of the deceased about the probe. The Group of Intellectuals and Academicians (GIA) prepared the report after a fact-finding mission of their own. It was led by Monika Arora, a Supreme Court advocate and a convener of GIA. They submitted their report ‘Khela in Bengal 2021’ to MoS, Home Affairs G. Kishan Reddy.
The Calcutta High Court intervened and passed an order in one of the cases related to post-poll violence and constituted a committee with NHRC, SHRC and State Legislative Services Authority (SLSA) to coordinate the rehabilitation of displaced persons in the Entally constituency.
The court directed the SLSA to look into complaints of displaced persons who were being prevented from returning to their homes and commanded the committee to take necessary steps for their rehabilitation.
After perusing the report submitted by SLSA, the court observed, “State from the very beginning had been denying everything but the facts as having been placed on record by the petitioners are different”. The court further stated that this is evident from the SLSA report dated June 3, 2021.
The court ordered the NHRC Chairman to constitute a committee to examine the complaints based on the report. The court said the committee was formed as the instances projected by the petitioners allege human right violations and ensure there is no obstruction to the process. The court order stated, “Such obstruction shall be viewed seriously, which may entail action under the Contempt of Court Acts”.
The West Bengal government filed a plea in the High Court to recall this order that the court rejected, and the case has been rescheduled to be heard on June 30.
Ram Mandir Opening For “Darshan” In 2023
The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is expected to allow visitors by December 2023, with the completion of construction only in 2025.
Sources in the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra have revealed that the colossal project of building the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, will be opening for devotees towards the end of 2023. In contrast, the project’s entire construction completion is expected towards the end of 2025. The sanctum sanctorum (Garbha Griha), along with the mandir’s first floor, will be ready by December 2023. Devotees will be allowed to visit the long-awaited mandir soon after the construction is completed.
An ANI report said, “The grand Ram Mandir being constructed in Ayodhya will be opened for devotees from December 2023. Sources told ANI that Garbhagriha, all five mandaps and the first floor will be ready by December 2023 and the mandir will be opened for devotees”.
Completion of entire Ram Temple complex in Ayodhya is expected by the year 2025; A museum, digital archives and a research centre also to come up in the temple complex: Sources
— ANI UP (@ANINewsUP) August 4, 2021
The sanctum sanctorum will be as high as 161 feet and built using Rajasthani marble and stones. Engineers and architects are taking all measures to ensure the longevity of this enormous project. The second stage of construction is expected to begin in December this year. Currently, the structure is at a standstill as a result of monsoons. Another reason for the delay is the coronavirus pandemic that depleted the force with which the mandir’s construction was expected to go on.
Ram Temple in Ayodhya will be ready in a year or two. Delhi government has decided to take senior citizens to Ayodhya for Ram Lalla's darshan with travel, accommodation, and food expenses to be borne by us: Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal pic.twitter.com/MDGeP0k613
— ANI (@ANI) March 14, 2021
The announcement of the mandir being opened to visitors in 2023 has brought up questions about the political agenda. It is believed that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) aims to use the mandir to catapult themselves into a position of advantage during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Opening the mandir to devotees in December 2023 will give the BJP an easy 6-month gap to the general elections in 2024.
The opening of the long-awaited Ram Mandir in Ayodhya could be the factor that diverts the public, at least the Hindu’s in favour of BJP. Thus, securing them a vote bank based on religious sentiments upheld by the party in their previous tenure as the ruling party.
The Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir will be 360 feet long, 235 feet wide, and 20 feet high mandir will be completely ready by the end of 2025. The project will include amenities and structures like museums, archives, research centre, Sant Niwas, gau and Yagya shala, Etc. The main attraction is the Ram Mandir.
How SEBI’s New Margin Rule Is Affecting Retail Traders?
Securities and Exchange Board of India has introduced new margin rules for traders. Traders and Brokers are not happy with the new regulations because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trade.
SEBI had introduced the new margin rule in the year 2020 for intraday traders. It is being implemented in a phased manner. Traders were supposed to maintain 25 per cent of the peak margin in the first phase; the margin was raised by 50 per cent in the second phase. In the third phase, as per the new margin rule, intraday traders will have to pay a 100 per cent upfront margin. According to new norms, the margin requirements will be calculated four times during every trading session because the money margin must be greater than the need.
As per the new rule, brokers must collect margin from investors for any purchase or sale, and if they fail to do so, they will have to pay the penalty. Thus, brokers will not receive power of attorney. Brokers cannot use power of attorney for pledging anymore.
Those investors who want to make use of margin will have to create margin pledges separately. As per the new rule, investors will have to pay at least a 30 per cent margin upfront to avail a margin loan. Shares brought today cannot be sold tomorrow. Funds from shares sold today cannot be used for new trades on the same day.
The market experts said that there must be proper adjustments for implementing new rules, or it may create chaos, trouble and disturbance to the market participants. The CEO and founder of Zerodha broking firm, Nithin Kamath tweeted that, “the day when the new rules came into effect was the dreaded day for brokers, exchanges, intraday traders”.
Traders Are Not Happy:
Changes in rules have evoked strong reactions from traders because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trades as per new margin rules. Even the trading in futures and options will become more expensive. Traders are disappointed because they will have to pay up more money to bet in stock markets. As per new margin rules, Traders are also liable for the penalty if the rules are not followed during the trading session. If a trader wants to buy Nifty worth Rs 10 lakh, he will have to pay a 20 per cent margin of around 2 lakh. If the margin of the trader does not meet the need, he will be penalized. Traders will have to pay the minimum amount for opening the Multilateral Trading facility account, and they have to maintain a minor balance at all times.
Why Gas SEBI Introduced A New Margin Rule?
SEBI has introduced new rules to protect retail investors from purchasing difficulty. The intended goal of SEBI behind new margin rules is to bring down the difficult market situation and avoid huge fluctuation in stock markets during extreme stress. The new margin rules are likely to bring transparency to the market; it is expected to strengthen the market’s safety.
Escalation Of COVID-19 Cases Across The Globe
The United States, India, and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, followed by France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Turkey. There are very few locations that have remained undisturbed.
Since the middle of last year, confirmed cases have been increasing. Although the actual scope of the first outbreaks in 2020 is unknown because testing was not generally available at the time. The 100 million COVID-19 cases were discovered at the end of January, over a year after it was first diagnosed. As of 6:30 p.m. CEST on July 30, 2021, WHO has received reports of 196,553,009 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 4,200,412 fatalities. A total of 3,839,816,037 vaccination doses has been delivered as of July 28, 2021.
After reaching a record high of over 0.9 million cases on April 28, 2021, new daily instances of the coronavirus continued to decline, reaching a low point on June 21, when over 0.3 million cases were reported. Since then yet, there has been a global increase in cases. On July 15, 0.53 million daily cases were reported, and over three million new cases were reported in the second week of the month. As of July 15, 188.9 million patients have been recorded worldwide. The transmissive Delta form accounting for most infections in 111 countries. Most instances were recorded in Brazil, India, Indonesia, the United Kingdom, and Colombia in the last week. With the steepest increases in Zimbabwe (72%), Indonesia (44%), the United States (38%), Bangladesh (35%), and the United Kingdom (30%). Many Asian nations, including Vietnam, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan, have reported many daily cases. However, the spread was under control.
The number of new cases in Indonesia has been on the rise, with each day seeing a significant increase over the previous day. Indonesia is now the new Asian epicentre, with 56,757 cases recorded on July 15; India reported 39,000 patients on the same day. COVID-19 fatalities are high, according to WHO. After decreasing for nine weeks, with the highest increases in Africa and Southeast Asia. COVID-19 fatalities worldwide surpassed four million on July 7. The last million deaths occurred in under 90 days, the lowest time interval for every one million deaths ever recorded.
High vaccination coverage has been shown in the United States and much of Europe to lower fatalities and even hospitalizations. For example, United Kingdom rises in incidence. There has been fewer hospitalizations and deaths over 87% of the adult population, as they are vaccinated with one dose and over 67% with two doses. In the United States, the increase in cases is concentrated in states with low vaccination coverage, with unvaccinated people accounting for most deaths. Over 55% of Americans have received one dosage, and 48% are completely immunized. It shifts the focus back to improving vaccination coverage and achieving global vaccine equality to avoid fatalities and the spread of dangerous strains. Some nations debate a booster dosage. Even though many African countries’ healthcare professionals have not been completely vaccinated, booster injections have begun to be given to patients with weakened immune systems in Israel.
In comparison, booster shots have been ruled out in the United States for the time being. With vaccine shortages reported in many Indian states. Even among the vaccinated, rigorous adherence to COVID-appropriate behaviour is the only option to postpone and mitigate the consequences of a third wave.
This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. But the global numbers continue to grow. The Delta variety leads them to well-vaccinated regions such as Western Europe and the United States, low but rising infections. This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. Vaccine doses have been given to over 4 billion individuals globally (52 for every 100 people), yet the discrepancy is striking. More than 80% of the population had at least one shot in some wealthy nations. In contrast, the proportion is as low as 1% in many of the poorest.
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