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4th Worst-hit Nation But No Community Transmission?

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India COVID-19: 4th Worst-hit Nation But No Community Transmission?

On June 11, India surpassed the United Kingdom (UK) to become the 4th country with the highest number of COVID-19 cases in the world. The other three nations include the US, which tops the list, followed by Russia and Brazil. The total number of cases has reportedly crossed the 3.5 lakh mark as of June 18, making India the biggest epicentre of the outbreak in the Asian continent.

Recently, the financial capital of India, Mumbai, crossed the 51,000-mark, overtaking Wuhan in total tally, where the virus first originated. Maharashtra, which saw the highest number of infected cases so far on June 15, now remains the state with the highest number of cases in the country, followed by Tamil Nadu and Delhi.

Maharashtra Chief Minister (CM) Uddhav Thackeray’s tweets on June 12, appealing people to ‘refrain from crowding’ and ‘take necessary precautions to stay safe’ has quelched recent rumours of another lockdown in the state. The social distancing norms which are a part of ‘Mission Begin Again’ which was announced on May 31, continue to be imposed, with shops remaining open between 9 am to 5 pm and all outdoor activities restricted between 5 pm to 7 pm.

While Delhi has announced that over 18,000 samples will be tested every day from June 20, the Tamil Nadu Government recently informed of its decision to implement a state-wide lockdown from June 19 to 30.

The Government claims that the number of recoveries is increasing when compared to the number of positive cases; it does not spell a positive impact. It also continues to reiterate that the country is currently not in the community transmission stage, which also seems to be at odds with the country’s reality.

What is Community Transmission?

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), COVID-19 is transmitted in four stages, out of which the third stage is community transmission.

The first stage is when the virus first appears in the community mostly due to people who have a travel history from other affected areas. The second stage is the local transmission stage, where the virus spreads to family and friends.

The third stage is the community transmission stage, where the source of the infection is no longer traceable, and it becomes difficult to manage it’s spread, even through extensive lockdowns. The fourth stage is when the disease spreads across geographic borders and becomes an endemic.

Is India facing a COVID-19 Community Transmission?

The Government continues to deny that India reached the community transmission stage, though several scientists and medical professionals seem to believe otherwise.

According to a report published in The New Indian Express (TNIE) on June 2, a spatial analysis of trends conducted by a Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) researcher showed that even before the announcement of the first lockdown (March 24) the community transmission of COVID-19 might have begun in Mumbai. Delay in the detection of these cases caused due to slow in the process of testing, made the situation worse.

The report also states that the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) scientists published lab surveillance data of the surveys conducted to test whether or not community transmission has occurred in 70 odd districts in the country. The published data confirmed that 14 per cent of all confirmed cases until April 30 was due to community transmission. Since then, ICMR has declared that the results are ‘speculative and survey results are yet to be finalised’.

An article by The Week published on June 9, addressed the increasing number of cases in Delhi, wherein the state Health Minister, Satyendar Jain said that ‘the source of infection is not known in half of the fresh cases being reported.’ When asked about community transmission, he replied that the Centre had already spoken about the issue.

This remark was contradicted by Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia who said “Officials from the Centre said at the meeting that there is no community transmission of COVID-19 virus yet in Delhi and hence, there is no need to discuss it,” at a press meet.

Congress had alleged that the 25 per cent positivity cases in Delhi is due to community transmission and Akash Maken, party spokesperson had insisted on ramping up the amount of testing.

Dilip Gosh, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) President in West Bengal had accused the Government led by Mamta Bannerjee of delaying test results and fudging up facts to evade the issue of community transmission that was prevalent in the state.

According to the article, Dr Tejas Patel, renowned cardiologist and Padma Shree awardee had observed on June 7, that Gujarat was already in the community transmission stage of COVID-19.

Getting into 10,000-death mark

It is alarming to note that within eighteen days, India jumped from tenth worst-affected nation to the fourth. As of June 18, India had over 3.6 lakh confirmed cases of the virus with nearly 13,000 cases, increasing day by day. As the country has crossed the 10,000 deaths tally, it is becoming harder to believe that there is no community transmission happening.

As reported by India Today, though the number of recoveries surpassed the number of infected cases on June 10, a shocking discovery made it clear the data for the number of recoveries reported is that of ten days back. This means the total number of new cases continues to be higher than recoveries. Though the number of positive cases reported between June 3 and June 13 is approximately over 9000, the recoveries reported between these dates remain 5000.

The recovery rate is also not steadily increasing either- no state in the country has reported a steady increase in the number of recoveries or a steady decrease in the number of infections. The graphs keep fluctuating, with states like Kerala reporting multiple increases in recovery rates while those like Tamil Nadu keep reporting a decrease.

The number of recoveries reported in China declined during the last week of February as well, but what truly made a difference was the decrease in the number of newer cases daily. The rise in recovery rate only indicates a positive impact if there is a steady decrease in the number of new infections as well.

While the Government continues to deny community transmission and claims that the recovery rate is higher than the number of positive cases, the increasing number of deaths and infections seem to hint otherwise. With a vaccine or a definite cure yet to be discovered, community transmission, if it is underway, indicates the need for measures fare more effective than lockdowns or social distancing.

Doosra Pehlu

All About The Bhainsa Riots

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Bhainsa Riots Expainer | News Aur Chai

Communal riots broke out in the town of Bhainsa in Telangana after altercations between Hindu and Muslim youth-led to stone pelting on March 7, 2021. Thirty-eight people have been arrested in connection with these riots, the majority being members of the right-wing nationalist organization Hindu Vahini. The police are on the lookout for 70 more people whose parts in the riots have been established.

What Happened In Bhainsa

Two, two-wheeler bourne youths named Thoth Mahesh and Dattu Patel attacked a Rizwan in Zulfiqar Gali. Rizwan and his friends went looking for the two attackers in Batli Gali. There they were beaten up by Mahesh and Dattu and their friends. Stone pelting followed between people of the two communities after one of the friends of Mahesh and Dattu again went to Zulfiqar Gali to buy alcohol and picked up a fight with members of the other community. A constable who tried to intervene and stop the fight sustained head injuries. Section 144 was imposed in the riot-affected areas.

Y. Nagi Reddy, the inspector general of the north zone, has said that 26 cases have been registered about the violence. The 38 people that have been arrested also include four minors. Twelve people, three of which were police officers, were injured in the stone-pelting. Four houses, thirteen shops, four rickshaws, six cars, and five two-wheelers were set on fire riots.

IGP Reddy said, “People belonging to one group were informed, gathered, and were sent to places under the guidance of Abdul Khabeer alias Baba, AIMIM party’s Counsellor from 15th ward.” He added, “The second group was led by Thota Vijay, Counsellor from 8th Ward and ex-president of Hindu Vahini. Some of the arsons committed on the second and the third day and night…..were led by Santhosh, who is the district president of Hindu Vahini.” He also clarified that the investigation was being conducted in an unbiased manner and that the instigators were identified using CCTV footage and Nenusaitham initiative geotagged cameras.

The Other Side Of The Story

Bandi Sanjay Kumar, the state BJP chief, alleged that the police were torturing Hindu Vahini members. He said that the party would complain to the central government against the state police’s third-degree interrogation methods. He also wrote to Telangana’s governor accusing Muslim “infiltrators” from Maharashtra of causing communal tensions in Bhainsa.

“AIMIM leader Mohammad Jabir Ahmed is the cause for communal violence in Bhainsa. They have been involved in land grabbing for a time now and when the local Hindus…… have been spreading the news via social media, communal violence has begun,” BJP MP Dharmapuri Arvind told news agency Asian News International.

The official spokesperson of the ruling TRS Krishank pushed back criticism of the State Government by saying, “Chief Minister K Chandrashekhar Rao has always been very serious against the communal violence in the state.” He assured action against the riot perpetrators and said, “Strict action will be taken against the people resorting to communal violence in the state and also those who are spreading rumours across social media and are creating disturbances in the society.”

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Why is Nodeep Kaur Making Headlines?

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Nodeep Kaur | News Aur Chai

Nodeep Kaur is a 23-year-old Dalit Labour Rights Activist from Punjab. She is a member of the Mazdoor Adhikar Sanghatan, an organization based in the Kundli Industrial Area of Haryana which works for workers’ rights. She was involved in a protest with labourers at Kundli, on the border of Haryana and Delhi. The protest was about demanding higher wages for workers. It was also in solidarity with the ongoing farmers’ protests against the new farm laws. She was arrested on January 12. A string of charges was made against her following her arrest, including Section 307 (Attempted Murder). Her sister Rajveer Kaur alleged that the police have tortured and sexually abused Nodeep.

Her Background

Nodeep Kaur comes from a Dalit family from Gandera Village in the Sri Muktsar Sahib district of Punjab. Her family is one of the activists, her parents are associated with a farmer’s union, and her sister is a member of the Bhagat Singh Chhatra Ekta Manch. After the lockdown restrictions eased, she started working at a factory in Sonipat, Haryana. She also joined the Mazdoor Adhikar Sangathan around this time.

In a video shared by Canadian Poet Rupi Kaur, Nodeep Kaur can talk about Farmer-Labourer Unity. She speaks in support of the farmers’ protests and says that it is not a sole cause, and everyone needs to come out in support of the farmers.

Why Was She Arrested?

Nodeep is a dedicated Labour rights activist. She was involved in a protest, and her associates at the Kundli border demanding higher wages for workers. The protest coincided with the ongoing farmers’ protests and was in solidarity with them. On January 12, a team of Sonipat Police went to the Kundli Industrial Area (KIA), acting on the information of alleged manhandling of management and the staff of a unit and extorting money from them. The police said Kaur and her associates attacked police with sticks and injured seven personnel. Her associates managed to flee, but she got arrested following the incident. She was produced before the court and sent to jail the same day.

The police say they did not seek remand. Sonipat Superintendent of Police said there were prior complaints of extortion against Nodeep Kaur, and a case was registered on December 28 2020. A slew of charges was pressed against her, including Murder, Extortion, Theft, Rioting, Unlawful Assembly, Extortion and Criminal Intimidation and other offences under Sections 148, 149, 332, 353, 186, 384, 379-b, 307. She was sent to the Karnal Jail in Haryana following her arrest.

Allegations Of Sexual Abuse And Torture In Custody

Rajveer, Nodeep’s older sister, visited her in Karnal Jail after her arrest. There, Nodeep told her of the alleged assault by police in Custody. She has alleged that there were no women police officers, and she was taken aside by male cops and beaten black and blue. Rajveer said that she was beaten publicly by male officers, dragged by her hair to the police van. She also said that Nodeep was beaten with sticks and shoes, including her private parts, which caused heavy bleeding. There are also allegations of sexual abuse by male police personnel.

The police vehemently deny these allegations and said that she was kept in the ladies’ waiting room and was accompanied by two female police officers for the entire duration of her stay.

Nodeep claims no medical examination was conducted following her arrest, violating Section 54 of the Criminal Procedure Code. She also claimed that she was made to sign blank papers in Custody. On the contrary, police say that she was taken to the civil hospital to undergo a general medical examination and special medical examination for sexual assault by a lady doctor. But Nodeep did not undergo a medical examination, and she gave a written statement to the doctor stating that she did not want to be examined since she wasn’t assaulted. Denying these allegations, the police said that Kaur did not speak about any assault in front of the magistrate. They called these allegations “an afterthought”.

Her advocate Arshdeep Singh Cheema questioned the statement and asked why the police made two separate requests for medical examinations in the first place.

On January 15, she applied for a medical examination before the magistrate. The magistrate ordered the examination had to be done on January 18. However, her medical examination happened only on January 25, 13 days after her arrest. Cheema claimed that this delay was done to allow her injuries to heal. The medical report later produced before the court pointed out that she did have purplish bruises on her body caused by blunt objects or weapons. Cheema said that these were indicative of the torture she was subjected to by the police.

International Attention For The Case

This case received very little attention before February 6. It was brought to the spotlight by Meena Harris, niece of US Vice President Kamala Harris.

Her tweet came in response to the hate she received from Right Wing Hindutva elements alongside American and Canadian celebrities like Rihanna, Mia Khalifa and Rupi Kaur for speaking in support of the farmer’s protests.

Rajveer expressed her disappointment in the media about the little coverage it got before Harris’s tweet. Following sustained international recognition, many people domestically started speaking actively about the case and demanding Nodeep Kaur and other jailed activists’ release.

Progression Of Court Proceedings

Three First Information Reports (FIRs) were filed against Kaur, FIR numbers 26, 649 and 25. On February 2, a local court denied her bail application. However, the Government authorities were quick to act after international and domestic furore about her arrest picked up post-February 6. On February 8, the Punjab State Commission for Scheduled Castes asked the Additional Chief Secretary (Home) to provide relief.

The Punjab and Haryana High Court took suo motu cognizance of Kaur’s illegal confinement and alleged police torture on February 12 after receiving complaints of the same via email on 6th and 8th February. The court posted this matter to be heard on February 24 (also the initial date of Kaur’s third bail plea hearing).

On February 12, she got bail on one of the cases, FIR no. 649, which dealt with rioting and other charges. On February 15, she got bail on the second case, FIR no. 26, which dealt with extortion. Her third and final bail application for the case registered under FIR no. 25, which dealt with murder and other charges, was filed on February 15. It was supposed to be heard on February 24, but the court adjourned the case after finding that the state’s medical records were not put on record. The matter was heard finally on Friday, February 26, where she finally got bail.

Justice Avneesh Jhingan also heard the suo motu matter along with the bail plea. This matter will now be discussed in April. Now that Kaur has received bail in all three cases, she got released from jail.

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Julian Assange’s Extradition Rejected by UK Court

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Julian Assange Wikileaks News Aur Chai

On January 4, the UK Court ruled that the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange should not be extradited to the United States of America to face criminal charges including breaking a spy law, as his present mental health complications suggest the risk of suicide attempt.

However, USA has stated that it would pursue the extradition and US prosecutors are ready to appeal the decision to London’s High Court.

Who is Julian Assange?

The 49-year-old Australian-born Assange has been accused of 18 offences regarding the release by WikiLeaks of a wide range of confidential US military records and diplomatic cables that may endanger the safety of lives. Assange, who spent a significant part of the last decade either in prison or self-imposed confinement, has been denied bail and remains in jail.

The US Justice Department claims that it has won on all the legal points, including political motivation and freedom of speech-related arguments, and thus, it would continue to seek Assange’s extradition.

USA’s government take:

The Obama administration did not prosecute Assange due to concerns about the precedent the case could set in free speech and journalism. Assange’s legal team has held the outgoing US President Donald Trump responsible for pressuring the concerning launch of the US effort for extradition, which could cause a grave threat to press freedom.

However, the White House has not issued any immediate comment on the ruling and Trump administration has given mixed messages. In contrast, the President-elect Joe Biden’s side has refrained from commenting.

Trump had shown his approval to WikiLeaks shortly before the 2016 presidential election for releasing hacked emails which landed his opponent Hillary Clinton in an embarrassing position. However, after Trump took office, his first CIA director Mike Pompeo stated that WikiLeaks was “a non-state hostile intelligence service”.

Ruling of UK Judge and further deteriorating condition of Julian:

Judge Vanessa Baraitser said that her judgment was based only on the possibility of Assange attempting suicide if kept in a US maximum security jail as he suffered from severe depression at intervals and had been diagnosed with autism.

In May 2019, half a razor blade had been discovered in his London jail cell. Assange also told the medical staff that he was having suicidal thoughts and making plans for the same. Baraitser also said that Assange made regular calls to the Samaritans suicide-prevention charity from prison.
According to Baraitser, “I find that Mr Assange’s risk of committing suicide, if an extradition order were to be made, to be substantial. The overall impression is of a depressed and sometimes despairing man, who is genuinely fearful about his future.”

For Assange’s supporters, the ruling was a victory, but the threat of extradition still looms large over his head. His partner Stella Moris said, “I call on the President of the United States to end this now: Mr President, tear down these prison walls, let our little boys have their father. Free Julian, free the press, free us all.”

People in support considers Julian as “Hero”:

Assange supporters consider him to be an anti-establishment hero, a victim for exposing US wrongdoings in Afghanistan and Iraq. Supporters claim his prosecution is to be a politically motivated assault on the press and freedom of speech.

However, the US prosecutors and Western security officials regard him to be a dangerous enemy of the state whose reckless actions in leaking classified information, has imperilled the lives of the agents, named in the material.

On the other hand, Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said that his country would extend political asylum to Assange and he is in favour of pardoning him.

History of Legal trails with different governments:

Assange’s legal battles began when Sweden sought his extradition from Britain over alleged sex crimes. He lost the case in 2012 and fled to the Ecuadorian embassy in London and stayed there for seven years. In April 2019, Assange was finally dragged out from there and imprisoned for breaching British bail conditions. The Swedish case has been dropped till that time. The US Justice Department formally asked Britain last June to extradite him.

However, Baraitser has rejected Trump’s team’s claims for pressuring the US prosecutors due to lack of evidence of hostility on Trump’s part and shunned the claims of the case being political and threatening freedom of speech.

She also said that Assange’s chances of getting a fair trial in the USA were adequate though she believes that Assange had breached investigative journalism boundaries. But she also feels that if Assange is found guilty, he would be sent to ADX Florence maximum security prison (SAM) in almost complete isolation where he could devise a plan of committing suicide, despite their preventive measures.

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