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Is There Any Link Between NPR, NRC, CAA And Census: An Explainer



Is There Any Link Between NPR, NRC, CAA And Census: An Explainer

Citizens of India are currently in a dilemma as to what will happen to their citizenship? How the new Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), National Population Register (NPR), and National Register of Citizen (NRC) will affect their life? Are NPR and NRC related? Is CAA associated with NPR? The answer is both yes and no. Amidst such confusion, there is a dirty political game going on the other side.

So today, let me help you clarify some of your doubts.

The citizens of our nation are defined, identified, verified, and distinguished from infiltrators based on three sets of laws: the Citizenship Act of 1955 (amended many times; the latest being the CAA 2019), the Foreigners Act of 1946 and the Passport Act of 1920.

So a person who is not able to fulfill the criteria mentioned in the above three laws is considered as an infiltrator; in other words, every non-Indian is an infiltrator unless he/she is a tourist or diplomat. India doesn’t have any specific law to define a refugee, and this creates many issues. Tibetans, Sri Lankan Tamils, and some other named groups of foreigners are refugees as the government of the day granted them that status.

According to the Foreign Act, the government is responsible for expelling the infiltrators or illegal immigrants out of India. Here a foreigner is defined as ”a person who is not a citizen of India.” Currently, there is no accurate number of how many infiltrators are residing in India. Estimating the same is more like guessing the number of rape happening. We know such heinous crime is happening, but exactly how many is still unknown. So it is even more important for identifying and distinguishing the natives and infiltrators.

Well, the confusion and chaos started when the current Modi led BJP government took the initiative to amend the Citizenship Act of India, which got the assent from the President of India on December 12, 2019. During the discussion on the CAA, Union Home Minister Amit Shah announced that the government is planning for a nationwide NRC (National Register of Citizens).

The bitter experience of the Assam-specific NRC report, wherein more than 19 lakh people who claim to be Indian were left out including people who served in the army and who served as government officials. Amid this whole NRC exercise by the government even today there is no clarity as to how many illegal immigrants were identified in the exercise, which typically asked every resident to prove his/her Indian citizenship.

Now NPR is the issue

A fresh riot broke over NPR amidst the already unrest situation prevailing all over India about CAA and NRC. People were already on the street protesting over CAA, and NRC that turns violent every other day, causing many casualties and deaths.

NPR is the registration of residence of India–wherein it is proposed that this time the enumerator would collect demographic and biometric data of individuals living at the place of the register for six months or more. Already West Bengal and Kerala state government have rejected to conduct the same in their respective states.

Is CAA related to NPR?

The answer is both yes and no, as there is no direct link; however, there are speculation that it would depend on how the central government decides to utilise the data collected through NPR.


The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, which was passed by the Parliament of India in December 2003, and received presidential assent in January 2004 – when the Atal Bihari Vajpayee led BJP government was in power. In the amendment to the Citizenship Act of 1955, Section 14A was included, which relates to the issue of national identity cards.

Section 14A of the Citizenship Act states that–“the Central Government may compulsorily register every citizen of India and issue a national identity card to him.”

It also affirms that–“the Central Government may maintain a National Register of Indian Citizens and for that purpose establish a National Registration Authority.”


NPR is a database of people living in India, citizens or not, but NRC is a database of Indian citizens. The NRC process demands proof of citizenship from the respondents, and respondents who are unable to produce the proof may face deportation or detention in the long run. However, in NPR, there is no need to provide any documents.

Difference between Census and NPR process?

The decennial Census is headcount in India involving a detailed questionnaire directed at collecting general data about the population of India.

In Census, the enumerator would collect details such as demography, economic activity, literacy and education, and housing and household amenities, and many more. The NPR process collects demographic and biometric details of individuals.

The Census is the source for reviewing the country’s progress in the past decade, monitoring the continuing schemes of the government, and plan for the future.

Census and NPR processes involve door-to-door enumeration, but NPR differs from the Census as its objective is to have a comprehensive identity database of those residing in India. The Census does not identify individuals.

Moreover, Census data are maintained centrally under the Registrar General of India. In case of NPR data, once recorded and ready, these details would be kept and maintained in a population register at levels of village or ward, tehsil or taluk (sub-district), district, and state. Together, they will constitute the National Population Register with all data at the central level.

Census 2021 is likely to differ as the government is planning to conduct the same through a mobile phone application.

Will anyone lose citizenship due to NPR?

As stated by Amit Shah, NPR and NRC are two different processes, and there is a possibility of missing names in the list of NPR. However, the citizenship of people will not be revoked because of NPR. He assured and made it clear that nobody will lose citizenship because of NPR.

There has been a lot of chaos already because of CAA, NRC and now NPR has been added to the list. The government officials should come forward to explain and address the issues to people who are unaware of the rules. I hope all such confusion comes to a logical end.

Founder @NewsAurChai & @RockShaftIND, | @NMIMS_India | Alumnus | Writer | Passionate Chai Drinker | Political Nerd | Traveller #Beingबंजारा | Optimist । Practical


All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021



National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations



Fake News II News Aur Chai

Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.

Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.

Fake News Stories

  • On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
  • On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
  • Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
  • On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
  • In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.

Need of Accountability

False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.

If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.


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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained



Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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