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World Tiger’s Day – Can India Justify the TX2 goal?

World Tiger Day, also known as International Tiger Day, is observed on 29th July every year. An annual celebration aimed towards protecting the natural habitat of tigers, to boost awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.

Let us now read more about World Tigers Day:

According to the report of WWF, the number of tigers is rising after almost a decade. Around 3,900 tigers are now in the world but are still under the threat of extinction. The Southern Asian tigers are declining in numbers.

Importance of Tiger conservation:

Tigers are the largest among the species of cats and one of the most iconic animals on the planet. From the beginning of the 20th century, the tiger population began to witness a decline.

A high ambitious conservational goal was set up by the government of 13 tiger range countries to double the number of wild tigers by 2022. This is the TX2 goal, which started in the year 2010 and will prolong for 12 years (2010 – 2022).

The question now is why is it to double the tiger’s number, rather than save?

There is no stop for the decline in tiger population even after constant efforts made to protect them since the 1970s. The tiger range countries decided to set a goal named TX2. Rather than saving the tigers, this strategy takes a long – term approach. The mission aims to protect the current habitat of tiger’s, maintaining wildlife corridors and preserve and improve the resources of areas where tigers can be in future.

Tiger conservation in Indian scenario:

India is all set to increase the number of tigers, although the facts are tigers are declining. There are various reasons for the decline in the figure; some of them are:

  • Human invasion into the forest
  • Habitat loss
  • Poaching & Illegal Trade
  • Climatic changes
  • Lack of funds

Recently many cases are reported of angry mob attack the tigers. Such cases will repeat, as better protection and conservation measures inside tiger reserves will lead to multiply and spill out of the borders of their protected homes, into human territories. This, in turn, leads to locals going against the species and thereby hampering the efforts of conservation.

Measures:

A changed in peoples mindset is inevitable. Proper education about tigers, wildlife, and the ecosystem should be given to people who face such situations every day. It is necessary to impart more strict and joint attention to human-tiger conflicts. A unified plan is to be created to make people understand that they are the protectors of tigers and forest.

Agreed that all this is easier said than done, but a combined action can create an impact. Let us all unite to protect the big cats.

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