In light of the recent events happening in the country over these past few days, the national security of the citizens is often threatened. Questions like who is DSP Davinder Singh? Why he got arrested and many other are rising. So here is an explanation to all your question:
Who is DSP Davinder Singh?
Deputy Superintendent of Police Davinder Singh was the recipient of the Gallantry medal awarded to him for his service by the Jammu and Kashmir state on Independence Day 2018. However, what has changed and made him the most talked-about figure in the New Year? Davinder Singh, who had joined the counter-insurgency Special Operations Group (SoG) of Jammu and Kashmir Police as a sub-inspector, rose quickly to the rank of a DSP; in addition to earning the prestigious police medal for his anti-militancy duties, will now be interrogated by Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing and Military Intelligence teams.
Why was Davinder Singh arrested?
On January 11, 2020, DSP Davinder Singh was arrested for sheltering and transporting, two commanders of the Hizbul Mujahedeen (HM) – a banned militant terrorist unit, along with an advocate Irfan Mir. Shocking right? Despite being the person instilling care and protection, he had made arrangements for these two men to make their way to Delhi undetected. The four were caught with arms and ammunition while they were travelling in a car near Qazigund on the national highway in south Kashmir.
Flash Back to Parliament attacks
His name first emerged when Afzal Guru- the 2001 parliament attacks convict had mentioned his name and levelled serious allegations against him during his trial. Despite these allegations, police officials and intelligence officials dismissed them claiming Guru was making up excuses. Well, who can blame them? He was a trusted police official of high rank, accusing him of a national security threat was just brushed off.
Current Status of investigation:
One of the two terrorists he was harbouring- Naveed Baba was wanted for the killing of 11 civilians after the abrogation of Article 370. The other one was a new recruit Atif. The DSP was discovered to have made a deal of Rs 12 lakh from the terrorists – for transportation, accommodation, safety and other related issues.
The investigation also reveals that Davinder Singh paid three visits to Bangladesh in 2019 and stayed there for many days. Furthermore, as per the source, two of his daughters are currently studying in Bangladesh, but the security agencies fear that the real intention of his visit could be an ISI connection. Sources have also revealed that the education of his daughters might have been sponsored by the ISI as Indians normally do not send their children for higher education to Bangladesh.
The investigation agency is expected to question Davinder Singh to find out whether he met ISI agents in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is presumed that the meetings between Davinder and the ISI agents might have taken place during his stay in Bangladesh.
Surprisingly, J&K police had already announced a bounty of Rs 20 lakh on the head of arrested Hizbul ultra Naveed Babu, but Davindra Singh, instead of arresting him, protected Naveed for a much less amount. This further probes more suspicion as to how deep his connection is with the terrorist agencies.
As the investigation progress more allegation about providing safe passage to other terrorist are coming in the limelight. Besides this, his bank account is also under scrutiny. He is also suspected of having a connection with other terrorist agencies like Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
The recovery of incriminating documents from Davinder Singh’s residence like the area map of an infantry field beside the arms and ammunition, speaks volumes about his association in a larger conspiracy.
What is the role of RAW in the nation’s security?
Research and Analysis Wing, at any given point of time, is not accountable to the parliament of India on any issue. This same provision keeps it out of reach of the Right to Information (RTI) Act. RAW is only accountable to the Prime Minister of the country, and the Joint Intelligence Committee.
Despite knowing all these things of the RAW, people often wonder that the nation’s security is at risk when threats like these go unidentified. When the organization is not answerable to the parliament of India, then why not take action on issues that have been given prior knowledge about?
Apart from land, sea, air and space, there is another area which is cyberspace. Much of our critical infrastructure lies in cyberspace. Cyber-crimes such as hacking, financial fraud, data theft, espionage and many others would, in some instances, amount to terrorist acts. Further, the threat of disruption of financial, rail, air, power, critical information services through cyber-attacks could also be construed as terrorist attacks. RAW has to look over all the avenues and protect our citizens from various threats globally.
So, when trusted personal and police force makes mistakes; it is not easily identified, and such threats are alarming to any country. There are many avenues that the intelligence forces have to keep an eye on that may overlook our country’s immediate problems.
Regarding the arresting of DSP Davinder Singh, the police have been tailgating the activities of the DSP and surprised him. The black sheep and a friend to the terrorists now get the same treatment as those he struck an alliance with by the intelligent bureau. Security agencies now fear deadly nexus between the police and the terrorists is not limited to Davinder Singh alone. There might be other black sheep in the state police force.
All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021
On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.
Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)
With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.
Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.
The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.
लोकसभा में आज, राष्ट्रीय खाद्य प्रौद्योगिकी, उद्यमिता और प्रबंध संस्थान विधेयक, 2021 (निफ्टेम विधेयक, 2021) को पारित किया गया।
इस विधेयक के पारित होने पर इससे जुड़े हर व्यक्ति को बधाई देता हूँ और साथ ही खाद्य प्रसंस्करण से जुड़े छात्रों को भी बधाई देता हूँ। @MOFPI_GOI
— Pashupati Kumar Paras (@PashupatiParas) July 26, 2021
Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations
Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.
Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.
Fake News Stories
- On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
- On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
- Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
- On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
- In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.
Need of Accountability
False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.
If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.
Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained
Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.
The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.
Pegasus Spyware and India
According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.
This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.
Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.
According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.
The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’
This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.
Pegasus Spyware and World.
In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.
At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden. After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.
If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.
Retake 2022 is on its way!
हेलीकॉप्टर दुर्घटना में सीडीएस जनरल बिपिन रावत, उनकी पत्नी और 11 अन्य की मौत
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