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Skin Care Tips To Survive Summers In India

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Skin Care in Summer in India | News Aur Chai

The summer heat in India can be harsh on your skin if you don’t take proper care of it. The blistering heat, dust, and pollution take away the natural shine and, in some cases, invite infections. To avoid all of these annoyances and to keep your skin glowing as it did before, try these summer skincare tips:

Clothing

Tight clothing during hot weather will irritate the skin and make sweaty areas of the body itch even more. To combat the heat, cotton and lighter fabrics are vital. Try wearing breathable fabrics.

Diet

Applying creams is not enough; you need to enrich your skin properly to keep it glowing. Juicy fruits and vegetables should be consumed in large quantities as they are high in nutrients and antioxidants that protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays. Try consuming cooling or seasonal fruits and vegetables.

Exercise

Exercise increases blood flow that ensures that oxygen reaches the skin cells. Any tissue damage (skin burn, etc) is repaired by the body.

Exfoliation

It is a process that helps in the removal of dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. Exfoliate your skin regularly for healthy and glowing skin. You can simply use a washcloth to gently scrub your skin. Try this process at least once a week.

Eyes and Lips

Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses while stepping out in the sun. Protect your lips by applying a lip balm.

Feet

It is important to take care of your feet as well. Give yourself a manicure; remove the dead and dry skin cells with a scrub and moisturize them later.

Minimal Makeup

Go easy on make-up during summers; avoid anything heavy it’s most likely to melt off the minute you step out in the sweltering summer heat. When it comes to makeup during the summers, keep it simple as the skin needs to breathe.

Sunscreen

Summertime necessitates the use of sunscreen. It is important to safeguard yourself from tanning and skin burns. It also helps in protecting our skin from harmful UV rays. You should apply sunscreen at least twice a day. It is a must-have item, if you don’t have one; you should invest in sunscreen.

Stay Hydrated

It is extremely important to stay hydrated; especially during hot weather. Sweat causes us to lose a lot of our body fluids. Our bodies are severely harmed when the levels of body fluids drop. Staying hydrated also helps to flush out toxins from the body and feel refreshed. Carry a bottle of water everywhere you go, set reminders to drink water throughout the day so that you don’t forget to hydrate yourself!

Update your skincare products

It is very important to update your skincare products during summertime. During winters we need stronger creams to fight the cold and dry weather, but in the summer, we need hydrating products. Buy a moisturizer that is lightweight and non-greasy.

 Use natural remedies

Skincare home remedies are useful as they make your skin glow naturally without causing any harm. Applying Aloe Vera gel, Cucumber mask, Coconut oil, Honey mask, Lemon mask, Orange Peel mask, Turmeric paste are few remedies that soothe your skin during summer. 

You won’t find Rushika far from her earphones as she always needs to have music playing in the background while working. She is a Media Student who wishes to put her beliefs and views out into the world and bring a fresh eye to a subject. Apart from that, she is really passionate about travelling, reading and writing.

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Lifestyle

5 Healthy Smoothies You Need To Try This Summer!

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Smoothie II News Aur Chai

Summers are officially here and it’s really important to stay hydrated to keep going in this scorching weather. You can use a gamut of seasonal fruits to make smoothies. Smoothie is a fresh fruit pureed with milk, yoghurt, or ice cream to make a thick, smooth drink. 

Choose from blueberry, mango, peanut butter oatmeal, mint chocolate chip, pineapple, or any other fruit of your choice, and enjoy a nutritious and tasty smoothie in the comfort of your own home. Try these refreshing healthy smoothies to replenish and refresh your body. 

Here is a list of healthy smoothies to try this summer:

Blueberry Smoothie

Blueberry Smoothie is a simple and succulent way to begin your morning! Yoghurt, frozen blueberries, and banana are blended into a frosty drink to make this rich and refreshing blueberry smoothie. The ingredients used in this smoothie are both tasty and nutritious

 Prep time: 10 minutes

Servings: 1

Ingredients:

  • ½ cup frozen blueberries
  • ½ cup frozen bananas
  • ½ cup almond milk
  • ½ cup vanilla Greek yoghurt
  • ½ cup ice cubes

Mango Smoothie

What are summers if they aren’t brimming with mangoes? Make this delicious mango smoothie for an instant energy boost! Frozen banana, diced mangoes, and yoghurt are all good to have on hand. In a blender, mix all of the ingredients and blend until it’s smooth. It’s as easy as that!

 Prep time: 5 minutes

Servings: 1

Ingredients: 

  • 2 cups frozen or fresh diced mango 
  • 1 cup frozen banana 
  • ½ cup milk
  • ½ cup yoghurt
  • ½ cup of ice cubes

Peanut Butter Oatmeal Smoothie

This recipe for Peanut butter Oatmeal Smoothie is packed with frozen bananas, creamy peanut butter, yoghurt, oats, and honey. It only takes a few minutes to prepare this thick and creamy drink; is sure to keep you full.

Prep time: 5 minutes

Servings: 1

Ingredients: 

  • 3 tablespoons peanut butter
  • 3 frozen bananas
  • ¼cup +1 tablespoon of Greek yoghurt
  • ½ cup milk
  • ½ cup oats
  • 2 tablespoons maple syrup or honey

 Mint Chocolate Chip Smoothie

Whip up this beautiful blend of soothing mint chocolate chip smoothie recipe for an instant energy boost! Add spinach, avocado, frozen banana, milk, and fresh mint leaves to your blender and blend until it’s smooth. Garnish with fresh mint leaves and chocolate chips.

Prep time: 10 minutes

Servings: 1

Ingredients: 

  • 1 frozen banana
  • 1 cup spinach
  • ¼ small sized avocado
  • 1 ½ cups milk
  • 25-30 mint leaves
  • 1 tablespoon chocolate chips
  • ½ cup crushed ice

 Pineapple Smoothie

This pineapple smoothie is a tropical mixture. Combine your pineapple, banana, and Greek yoghurt in a blender and blend until smooth and fluffy. Serve and enjoy this quick, nutritious, and refreshing drink!

Prep time: 5 minutes

Servings: 1

Ingredients: 

  • ½ cup fresh diced pineapple
  • ½ sliced banana
  • ½ cup vanilla Greek yoghurt
  • 1 cup crushed ice

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A ‘Bird’s Eye View’ on Bird Flu in India

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Bird Flu India 2021 News Aur Chai

The first week of January 2021 witnessed an abnormal number of deaths among the birds, including the wild ones, in India. These deaths have been caused on account of the Avian influenza. The Avian Influenza, also known as ‘the bird flu’ and ‘H5N1’, are strains of the influenza virus that primarily infect birds.

Several reports started coming in that conveyed that the virus is being vigorously transmitted among the birds. There is a possibility that humans could also get affected if they get in touch with such affected birds.

With state government being alarmed to prevent the next outbreak, extra precautions and care are given to Poultry products in India. The Delhi government even imposed a ban on its sale; however, the centre intervened and uplifted as major occupation and livelihood depends upon poultry industry.

States like Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Assam and Madhya Pradesh banned the entry of poultry products from other states. Prices of poultry products slumped 50% in some of these states, and India is witnessing a growth rate of consumption dip.

Economically, the hospitality sector, particularly, restaurants who believes such a situation will further mar the industry which was recovering from Covid-19

What causes the ‘Avian Influenza’?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Avian influenza is categorized under ‘Type A’ out of the four types of influenza viruses. Type A affects both humans and different kinds of animals. This category is even capable of causing an influenza pandemic. Therefore, it is a matter of concern involving the public health.

1) Contact with an infected bird’s faeces or secretions from its nose, mouth or eyes;
2) Open markets, especially those in crowded areas and under unsanitary conditions, where infected birds and eggs are sold;
3) Undercooked poultry meat or eggs of the infected birds.

Situation in India (as of January 2021)

The cases of the bird flu have swooped in from the following Indian states:-
1. Kerala;
2. Rajasthan;
3. Madhya Pradesh;
4. Himachal Pradesh;
5. Haryana;
6. Gujarat;
7. Uttar Pradesh.

So far, there has not been any proof of any human-to-human transmission of the bird flu. Though the fatality level is low compared to other types of diseases, it is highly advisable to be extremely careful to avoid health difficulties.

Timeline of the Influenza in India over the years

Time Period & Particulars

2006 – The first major outbreak in Maharashtra and Gujarat.
2008 & 2014 – Subsequent outbreaks in West Bengal and Kerala respectively.
2006 to 2015 – 25 bird flu cases arose across 15 states. However, no human infection occurred so far.
2019 – The nation declared itself to be free from the bird flu

What are the symptoms?

Following are the common symptoms of the bird flu:-
a. At the initial stage:
Sore throat

b. At the later stage:
1. Fatigue;
2. Nasal congestion;
3. Dry cough;
4. Headache;
5. Sweating;
6. Body chills;
7. Muscle pain;
8. Fever;
9. Shortness of breath.

Who all are prone to this disease?

1. Children below 2 years of age;
2. Adults over 65 years of age;
3. People with co-morbidities (having more than one disease at the same time);
4. Pregnant women or those women who have recently given birth.

Any possible complications?

Yes! People who get affected by the bird flu could possibly end up developing dangerous complications such as:-

1. Heart problems;
2. Kidney dysfunction;
3. Respiratory failure;
4. Conjunctivitis (having a pink eye);
5. Pneumonia.

Prevention is better than cure!

Since 1997, less than 500 bird flu deaths have been reported to WHO. Still, that does not mean that one need not take any preventative measures to stay safe from the flu. Following are the simple prevention measures one can resort to:-

1. According to WHO, cooking of poultry (like chickens, ducks and geese) at or above 70 degree Celsius, in such a manner that no meat remains raw and red, is a one such safety measure to kill the virus in the prevalent areas;
2. Avoid getting in touch with domesticated birds, especially when you are travelling;
3. Take care of personal hygiene;
4. Be aware of any authorized and reliable flu shot;
5. Keep the poultry-touched utensils clean, to avoid cross-contamination;
6. Steer clear of raw eggs.
7. Use the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) kit when handling livestock.

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Health

Hype Or Help: What You Need To Know About Health Supplements

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Hype Or Help: What You Need To Know About Health Supplements

Health supplements like vitamins, minerals, protein shakes, nutrition bars and other complementary nutritional products form an essential part of the daily diet plan of many health-conscious people. To live a healthier lifestyle, people often tend to resort to health supplements apart from eating a good diet and getting regular exercise.

Although the potential health benefits of these supplements are widely publicized, many are not aware of their side-effects. According to a study conducted by The New England Journal of Medicine, an average of 23,000 people land up in the emergency department every year owing to the adverse effects of dietary supplements.

Dietary supplements usually contain herbs like garlic and echinacea, other botanicals, enzymes, amino acids, glucosamine, fish oils, probiotics, others, besides popular vitamins like vitamin D and B12, and minerals like zinc, calcium and iron. They come in various forms including powders, tablets, capsules, energy drinks or nutrition bars. They are generally consumed to fill in nutritional gaps, ensure an adequate supply of essential nutrients, manage certain health conditions like reducing weight or muscle building, and improve overall health.

The intake of dietary supplements and micronutrients has increased significantly over the years as they are widely available in the market and can be obtained without proper prescription. They are advertised on a large scale as alternatives to a healthy nutrient-rich diet or complements to therapeutically prescribed pharmaceutical drugs. So in the general public opinion, they are considered to be natural and safe to consume.

Side-effects of health supplements:

According to researchers, health supplements pose severe medical outcomes that could even lead to death. Weight-loss and muscle building supplements have been linked with stroke, live damage, and various kinds of cancer. Vinpocetine, derived from an alkaloid found in periwinkle may cause adverse reproductive effects, harm the foetus and cause miscarriage.

Serious toxic accumulation occurs when a body is unable to excrete the supplementary nutrient and the excess of which can damage some tissues. In case of excess intake of vitamin A, iron, retinol and manganese, it begins to accumulate in the liver to cause such side-effects and also reduce bone strength.

Beta-carotene, folate, zinc, etc., are likely to increase the risk of cancer or speed up the rate of cancer growth, when taken in high doses. Supplements often cause an imbalance in the nutritional composition of the body by causing an excess of one nutrient while making another deficient.

Apart from the severe side-effects, they may also result in some non-serious issues–discolouration of urine due to excess vitamin B2, yellow tinge of the skin due to beta-carotene, excess iron leading to gastrointestinal problems, vitamin E and omega-3s lead to thinning of the blood. In contrast, vitamin C and magnesium can cause diarrhoea.

The seriousness of the side-effects is also determined by a consumer’s lifestyle–intake of alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, consumer’s age, genetic factors, health condition, underlying diseases and consumption of prescribed medicines which may react with the supplements.

It is often believed that if something is good for health, consuming it in large amounts should make a person healthier. The essential nutrients are present in our conventional foods and therefore, taking extra of those may prove to be harmful rather than making the consumer healthier. Certain supplements could be dangerous for pregnant women, nursing mothers and children to consume and should only be administered under proper guidance.

Expert opinion:

According to dietician Dr Jayashree Vignesh, she does not recommend dietary supplements to her patients’ regular diet plans. She believes that as a person requires a certain quantity of protein every day, they cannot wholly rely on supplements for their purpose. Therefore, only the people whose professions demand them to acquire a desired body shape, like actors and models who need to gain or lose weight according to their work commitments, and professionals from the fitness industry who need muscle building supplements and whey protein, should opt for them. These are not compulsory for the general public, but rather a short-cut method of achieving a desired body shape.

“What is the use of that. Instead, you can take a controlled proportional meal with your daily macros and micros and a healthy meal. They say gluten-free, sugar-free, but it is not a lifetime procedure, it is not sustainable,” Dr Vignesh says.

She believes that instead of taking 1-2 spoons of supplement after workout, consuming six egg-whites would provide more protein. Even in the case of weight loss, the use of supplements is unnecessary and can be done in conventional diet methods.

Supplements are also costlier, and therefore it is wiser to go for natural foods. Dr Vignesh also mentions about the long-term effects of health supplements which are bound to lead to liver, kidney, pancreatic problems or gall bladder stones in the long run.

COVID-19 and Demand for Health Supplements

During the COVID situation, the demand for health supplements has increased rapidly as people are trying to boost their immunity.

According to Dr Vignesh, they could stand in the morning sunlight for vitamin D absorption and do regular yoga instead of taking vitamin tablets. Green vegetables contain lots of essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals, and thus should be preferred over artificial sources to boost immunity and for overall health benefits.

Therefore, it is always advisable to consult your dietician before resorting to health supplements and draw up a diet plan compatible with your healthcare needs. It should be noted that “natural” does not always imply that a product is safe; the safety of a dietary supplement depends on several factors including its chemical composition, how it is prepared, its role in the body and the correct amount of consumption. They are not to be considered an alternative for medicines to prevent, cure, diagnose or mitigate diseases.

However, some dietary supplements can be beneficial as they contain active ingredients which interact at our body receptors. But due to the same reason, this presence of active ingredients may at times cause unwanted effects instead of the positive ones.

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