In school I was completely a non-athletic person.When joined college for my graduation, I was asked to pick any two sports out of a list of 12,” says Nilma Shah, recounting the days when she began a career in sports.
Surprised to see a woman’s college endorsing sports that she primarily considered male dominated, she went on to select two of the sports she was most familiar with- kabbadi and Cricket. “After that there was no looking back,” she says. Having adorned the roles of the wicket keeper of her college cricket team and opening bowler, kabbadi player and also, alternating between being the goal keeper and right extreme in football, she is tied to sports till this date but only administratively. Serving as an honorary secretary to the Tamil Nadu Sailing Association, she quit competitive sports due to her non- acceptance of the bureaucratic interference in sports.
This is not just the story of one woman, who could have secured a probable spot on the international Women’s Cricket team of India, but many others. The list of top notch sports women produced by our country who wreak havoc in the international arena is just a handful, as compared to the thousands of those who have spent a lot of their time in training all their lives for the sake of the sport they play and one day wish to represent the country.
One of the primary challenges faced by women in carving a niche for themselves in the sports world isn’t competition with a fellow woman, but, acceptance and respect for the sports personalities they are by the society and the other gender.
“If I am where I am today, it is because of the support of my parents,” Says Asian Youth Games Gold medalist Gayathri Govindaraj. “From what I have seen of fellow athletes, they have to fight with their families to be able to pursue sports as a career,” she adds. Junior athlete Rochelle Macfarlene seconds Govindaraj’s perspective “My family is my biggest support in my sports career both financially and morally,” she says. “I have received very little support from the government, I really wish I get more support from the government,” she adds. But, not all are as fortunate as Govindaraj or Macfarleen. There are many who have to struggle at home to be able to pursue sports which is a discouragement to them.( with a lot discouragement?) “When you are a woman and want to take up sports as a career, the world does not always stand by you and you are not taken seriously,” says Gayathri. “As the girl of the house, the family expects a lot from you be it doing well in academics or in some cases, getting married and starting a family of your own,” she adds on how the families often compare their children with peers and expect the same results from them as their peers.
The lack of support from their own families itself acts as a hurdle for many, just like how many performing athletes have their families as their backbones to success.
But the hitches do not end here, in cases where an athlete displays notable performance, there is little or negligent exclusive government support for them.
“There aren’t any exclusive facilities for women athletes but there are facilities for men and women athletes separately,” says Govindaraj.
Also, the available facilities are not sufficient for the athletes. “The infrastructure for women in India is not up to the mark, there are a very few sports hostels and they too do not have adequate safety precautions for women,” says Macfarlane.
The training given for athletes suffices to compete in state and national games, but, when it comes to international games, the level of competition is much tougher than it already is.
One of the fundamental reasons for women not being able to win medals in games like the Olympics is the genetic build of Indian women according to Govindaraj. “One does not meet tough competition in the Asian games or games that are exclusive for Asian countries as all Asian women are alike,” she says. “The real challenge and tough competition is in games like the commonwealth and the Olympics where we meet athletes who have been undergoing rigorous training since a very young age and have been preparing for the event for years together,” she adds. Not only are these competitors rigorously trained, they are more athletically toned than their Asian Counterparts due to the genetic history they carry, hence making it difficult for Indians to be able to outperform them with the meager training and scanty government support.
However, the government does extend substantial support to women’s cricket and hockey teams.
“The Indian women’s cricket team does get the necessary facilities and support from the government, almost as equal as the men’s team,” says Shah. But then again, there are cases of negligence of the government like the Indian Women’s Ice Hockey team that resorted to crowdsourcing the funds for the participation in the International Ice hockey Federation’s Challenge cup of Asia that happened in Thailand. But, they created history with not just the crowd funding, but by also registering their first international win in Bangkok. Sadly, this win was lost in the hype that surrounded the ongoing India vs. Australia Cricket Test Series.
Apart from the problems that are exclusive to sports women, these athletes also have to pull through the other commonly faced problems by the men like political and bureaucratic intervention.
“Partiality, doping, age frauds, are some of the difficulties among many others that I faced in reaching where I am today,” Macfarlane adds.
The problems are endless, varying with every sport that women venture into and vast in the range from family support to government recognition. But, there is always room for change and that should begin with treating women athletes equally as their male counterparts. “I wish the other gender to trust and respect our ability in playing the sport as good as them,” says Shah, and Macfarlane seconds her, Govindaraj feels that there is a lot more scope for improvement and education should not act as a hindrance to the pursuing of any sport, not just by women, but everyone and if this couples with adequate accessible training, Indian women athletes would begin in leaving a trail in history.
Ram Mandir Opening For “Darshan” In 2023
The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is expected to allow visitors by December 2023, with the completion of construction only in 2025.
Sources in the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra have revealed that the colossal project of building the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, will be opening for devotees towards the end of 2023. In contrast, the project’s entire construction completion is expected towards the end of 2025. The sanctum sanctorum (Garbha Griha), along with the mandir’s first floor, will be ready by December 2023. Devotees will be allowed to visit the long-awaited mandir soon after the construction is completed.
An ANI report said, “The grand Ram Mandir being constructed in Ayodhya will be opened for devotees from December 2023. Sources told ANI that Garbhagriha, all five mandaps and the first floor will be ready by December 2023 and the mandir will be opened for devotees”.
Completion of entire Ram Temple complex in Ayodhya is expected by the year 2025; A museum, digital archives and a research centre also to come up in the temple complex: Sources
— ANI UP (@ANINewsUP) August 4, 2021
The sanctum sanctorum will be as high as 161 feet and built using Rajasthani marble and stones. Engineers and architects are taking all measures to ensure the longevity of this enormous project. The second stage of construction is expected to begin in December this year. Currently, the structure is at a standstill as a result of monsoons. Another reason for the delay is the coronavirus pandemic that depleted the force with which the mandir’s construction was expected to go on.
Ram Temple in Ayodhya will be ready in a year or two. Delhi government has decided to take senior citizens to Ayodhya for Ram Lalla's darshan with travel, accommodation, and food expenses to be borne by us: Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal pic.twitter.com/MDGeP0k613
— ANI (@ANI) March 14, 2021
The announcement of the mandir being opened to visitors in 2023 has brought up questions about the political agenda. It is believed that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) aims to use the mandir to catapult themselves into a position of advantage during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Opening the mandir to devotees in December 2023 will give the BJP an easy 6-month gap to the general elections in 2024.
The opening of the long-awaited Ram Mandir in Ayodhya could be the factor that diverts the public, at least the Hindu’s in favour of BJP. Thus, securing them a vote bank based on religious sentiments upheld by the party in their previous tenure as the ruling party.
The Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir will be 360 feet long, 235 feet wide, and 20 feet high mandir will be completely ready by the end of 2025. The project will include amenities and structures like museums, archives, research centre, Sant Niwas, gau and Yagya shala, Etc. The main attraction is the Ram Mandir.
How SEBI’s New Margin Rule Is Affecting Retail Traders?
Securities and Exchange Board of India has introduced new margin rules for traders. Traders and Brokers are not happy with the new regulations because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trade.
SEBI had introduced the new margin rule in the year 2020 for intraday traders. It is being implemented in a phased manner. Traders were supposed to maintain 25 per cent of the peak margin in the first phase; the margin was raised by 50 per cent in the second phase. In the third phase, as per the new margin rule, intraday traders will have to pay a 100 per cent upfront margin. According to new norms, the margin requirements will be calculated four times during every trading session because the money margin must be greater than the need.
As per the new rule, brokers must collect margin from investors for any purchase or sale, and if they fail to do so, they will have to pay the penalty. Thus, brokers will not receive power of attorney. Brokers cannot use power of attorney for pledging anymore.
Those investors who want to make use of margin will have to create margin pledges separately. As per the new rule, investors will have to pay at least a 30 per cent margin upfront to avail a margin loan. Shares brought today cannot be sold tomorrow. Funds from shares sold today cannot be used for new trades on the same day.
The market experts said that there must be proper adjustments for implementing new rules, or it may create chaos, trouble and disturbance to the market participants. The CEO and founder of Zerodha broking firm, Nithin Kamath tweeted that, “the day when the new rules came into effect was the dreaded day for brokers, exchanges, intraday traders”.
Traders Are Not Happy:
Changes in rules have evoked strong reactions from traders because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trades as per new margin rules. Even the trading in futures and options will become more expensive. Traders are disappointed because they will have to pay up more money to bet in stock markets. As per new margin rules, Traders are also liable for the penalty if the rules are not followed during the trading session. If a trader wants to buy Nifty worth Rs 10 lakh, he will have to pay a 20 per cent margin of around 2 lakh. If the margin of the trader does not meet the need, he will be penalized. Traders will have to pay the minimum amount for opening the Multilateral Trading facility account, and they have to maintain a minor balance at all times.
Why Gas SEBI Introduced A New Margin Rule?
SEBI has introduced new rules to protect retail investors from purchasing difficulty. The intended goal of SEBI behind new margin rules is to bring down the difficult market situation and avoid huge fluctuation in stock markets during extreme stress. The new margin rules are likely to bring transparency to the market; it is expected to strengthen the market’s safety.
Escalation Of COVID-19 Cases Across The Globe
The United States, India, and Brazil have the most confirmed cases, followed by France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Turkey. There are very few locations that have remained undisturbed.
Since the middle of last year, confirmed cases have been increasing. Although the actual scope of the first outbreaks in 2020 is unknown because testing was not generally available at the time. The 100 million COVID-19 cases were discovered at the end of January, over a year after it was first diagnosed. As of 6:30 p.m. CEST on July 30, 2021, WHO has received reports of 196,553,009 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 4,200,412 fatalities. A total of 3,839,816,037 vaccination doses has been delivered as of July 28, 2021.
After reaching a record high of over 0.9 million cases on April 28, 2021, new daily instances of the coronavirus continued to decline, reaching a low point on June 21, when over 0.3 million cases were reported. Since then yet, there has been a global increase in cases. On July 15, 0.53 million daily cases were reported, and over three million new cases were reported in the second week of the month. As of July 15, 188.9 million patients have been recorded worldwide. The transmissive Delta form accounting for most infections in 111 countries. Most instances were recorded in Brazil, India, Indonesia, the United Kingdom, and Colombia in the last week. With the steepest increases in Zimbabwe (72%), Indonesia (44%), the United States (38%), Bangladesh (35%), and the United Kingdom (30%). Many Asian nations, including Vietnam, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan, have reported many daily cases. However, the spread was under control.
The number of new cases in Indonesia has been on the rise, with each day seeing a significant increase over the previous day. Indonesia is now the new Asian epicentre, with 56,757 cases recorded on July 15; India reported 39,000 patients on the same day. COVID-19 fatalities are high, according to WHO. After decreasing for nine weeks, with the highest increases in Africa and Southeast Asia. COVID-19 fatalities worldwide surpassed four million on July 7. The last million deaths occurred in under 90 days, the lowest time interval for every one million deaths ever recorded.
High vaccination coverage has been shown in the United States and much of Europe to lower fatalities and even hospitalizations. For example, United Kingdom rises in incidence. There has been fewer hospitalizations and deaths over 87% of the adult population, as they are vaccinated with one dose and over 67% with two doses. In the United States, the increase in cases is concentrated in states with low vaccination coverage, with unvaccinated people accounting for most deaths. Over 55% of Americans have received one dosage, and 48% are completely immunized. It shifts the focus back to improving vaccination coverage and achieving global vaccine equality to avoid fatalities and the spread of dangerous strains. Some nations debate a booster dosage. Even though many African countries’ healthcare professionals have not been completely vaccinated, booster injections have begun to be given to patients with weakened immune systems in Israel.
In comparison, booster shots have been ruled out in the United States for the time being. With vaccine shortages reported in many Indian states. Even among the vaccinated, rigorous adherence to COVID-appropriate behaviour is the only option to postpone and mitigate the consequences of a third wave.
This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. But the global numbers continue to grow. The Delta variety leads them to well-vaccinated regions such as Western Europe and the United States, low but rising infections. This spring, India and Latin America have seen a significant drop in new cases in the hardest-hit areas of the world. Vaccine doses have been given to over 4 billion individuals globally (52 for every 100 people), yet the discrepancy is striking. More than 80% of the population had at least one shot in some wealthy nations. In contrast, the proportion is as low as 1% in many of the poorest.
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