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Mayon Volcano (Philippines): Eruption Continues



Mayon Volcano 2018

Mount Mayon, also known as the Mayon Volcano, has recently become active again. It is an active stratovolcano located on the island of Luzon in the Phillipines. Popular for its perfect cone shape, the volcano, and its surrounding landscape were declared as a Natural Park and renamed as the Mayon Volcano Natural Park in 2000. Around 6 kilometers from the volcano is considered to be a permanent danger zone.

2018 Eruption

On 13th January 2018, renewed activity in the volcano began. A phreatic eruption, an explosive instantaneous evaporation of water to steam due to extreme temperature of the magma, occurred. This also resulted in the spewing of ash in the surrounding areas. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), declared the alert to Level 2 (increasing unrest). The government proceeded to evacuate around 40,000 residents from the area.

Mayon Volcano 2018

Source: Philstar

On 14th, the number of rockfalls increased, resulting in the PHIVOLCS declaring Alert Level 3. A new lava dome growth had been observed along with the start of lava flow down its slopes.

On 16th, the lava flow reached beyond 6 kilometers, the permanent danger zone. The government declared a state of calamity.

On 22nd, the volcano spewed a 3km tall ash column. Lava fountains spewed from the crater. Lava bombs, rockfalls, and quakes occurred around the crater. This eruption type was Strombolian (non-explosive eruption behavior of lava fountain and giving off gas from its summit vent).

Mayon Volcano 2018

Source: Pictures And Images

On 23rd, 300 to 500 m lava fountains erupted along with giant ash sprays. The volcano erupted 6 times and lava bombs and rockfalls were recurrent during this period. The alert level was hoisted to Level 4, which means that hazardous eruption is imminent.

From 24th onwards, continuous lava fountains have been flowing down the slopes of the mount. The locals have relocated to various places, classes in private and public schools canceled and even flights in and out of the island have canceled.

On 7th, the PHIVOLCS released a statement stating that the lava fountains have reached a new height. “As of the present, successive episodes of weak lava fountaining and flow occur, producing volcanic deposits within 5 kilometers of the summit crater. Alert Level 4 is hoisted over the volcano, warning that hazardous eruption is imminent due to the ever-present potential of sustained and highly explosive eruptions occurring. Our colleagues in the local government and disaster risk reduction agencies have evacuated vulnerable communities within 8 kilometers of the volcano.”, says a representative from PHIVOLCS when asked for a comment on the status at present.

Awareness, Rescue, and Help

Churches have been providing for the displaced. The evacuees have been surviving on bare essentials, away from their homes. The Catholic Church in Legazpi region has been providing for the recuperation of those displaced. It has also started a micro-finance project for farmers. The produce from these farmers will be used to feed the displaced.Mayon Volcano 2018

Due to the 8-kilometer radius danger zone, many people have evacuated and left the animals abandoned. Relief for such animals has also been arranged for by the Provincial Veterinary Services of Albay as well as the Philippine Animal Welfare Society, Humane Society International and International Fund for Animal Welfare. They have used geotagging to track chained dogs and let them free. Pooling centers have also been established to feed the animals proper food which is not contaminated by the ash and Sulphur that might adversely affect the animals.

In their comment to us, PHIVOLCS says concerning global help and awareness, “One way for everyone to extend help, aside from the usual donations for relief and response efforts to appropriate organizations, is to keep ourselves informed in the best possible way by relying on the information provided by our agency and by other reputable scientific organizations, and avoiding speculation, hoaxes, and fake news.”

Mayon Volcano 2018

Source: Getty Images

They also urged our readers to take note of the following,” Volcanic unrest is a crisis best overcome by careful, concentrated effort, where experienced and not rushed judgment, mutual respect and not grandstanding, sound scientific data and not unfounded assumptions, and above all, the goal to keep people safe, must drive and direct all actions and motivations. Let us all work together in fulfilling our individual responsibilities in such a trying time. Thank you.”

As a major eruption is bound to happen, people are urged to be extra vigilant and carry out emergency procedures properly.

A hoarder of beauty products and books alike, I am a walking contradiction trying to exit this maze of life. I love music of any and every language. I wear ghungroos and a nose ring as symbols to preserve my tradition but colored my hair in shades of purple and silver to symbolize my cognitive freedom. I believe in the science of our traditions along with the fantasy that our future holds. I tend to think a lot but never before I speak. I am a staunch believer in balance and destiny.

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Ram Mandir Opening For “Darshan” In 2023



Ram Mandir Opening 2023 | News Aur Chai

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is expected to allow visitors by December 2023, with the completion of construction only in 2025.

Sources in the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra have revealed that the colossal project of building the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, will be opening for devotees towards the end of 2023. In contrast, the project’s entire construction completion is expected towards the end of 2025. The sanctum sanctorum (Garbha Griha), along with the mandir’s first floor, will be ready by December 2023. Devotees will be allowed to visit the long-awaited mandir soon after the construction is completed.

An ANI report said, “The grand Ram Mandir being constructed in Ayodhya will be opened for devotees from December 2023. Sources told ANI that Garbhagriha, all five mandaps and the first floor will be ready by December 2023 and the mandir will be opened for devotees”.

The sanctum sanctorum will be as high as 161 feet and built using Rajasthani marble and stones. Engineers and architects are taking all measures to ensure the longevity of this enormous project. The second stage of construction is expected to begin in December this year. Currently, the structure is at a standstill as a result of monsoons. Another reason for the delay is the coronavirus pandemic that depleted the force with which the mandir’s construction was expected to go on.

The announcement of the mandir being opened to visitors in 2023 has brought up questions about the political agenda. It is believed that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) aims to use the mandir to catapult themselves into a position of advantage during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Opening the mandir to devotees in December 2023 will give the BJP an easy 6-month gap to the general elections in 2024.

The opening of the long-awaited Ram Mandir in Ayodhya could be the factor that diverts the public, at least the Hindu’s in favour of BJP. Thus, securing them a vote bank based on religious sentiments upheld by the party in their previous tenure as the ruling party.

The Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir will be 360 feet long, 235 feet wide, and 20 feet high mandir will be completely ready by the end of 2025. The project will include amenities and structures like museums, archives, research centre, Sant Niwas, gau and Yagya shala, Etc. The main attraction is the Ram Mandir.

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How SEBI’s New Margin Rule Is Affecting Retail Traders?



SEBI Margin Rule | News Aur Chai

Securities and Exchange Board of India has introduced new margin rules for traders. Traders and Brokers are not happy with the new regulations because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trade.

SEBI had introduced the new margin rule in the year 2020 for intraday traders. It is being implemented in a phased manner. Traders were supposed to maintain 25 per cent of the peak margin in the first phase; the margin was raised by 50 per cent in the second phase. In the third phase, as per the new margin rule, intraday traders will have to pay a 100 per cent upfront margin. According to new norms, the margin requirements will be calculated four times during every trading session because the money margin must be greater than the need.

As per the new rule, brokers must collect margin from investors for any purchase or sale, and if they fail to do so, they will have to pay the penalty. Thus, brokers will not receive power of attorney. Brokers cannot use power of attorney for pledging anymore.

Those investors who want to make use of margin will have to create margin pledges separately. As per the new rule, investors will have to pay at least a 30 per cent margin upfront to avail a margin loan. Shares brought today cannot be sold tomorrow. Funds from shares sold today cannot be used for new trades on the same day.

The market experts said that there must be proper adjustments for implementing new rules, or it may create chaos, trouble and disturbance to the market participants. The CEO and founder of Zerodha broking firm, Nithin Kamath tweeted that, “the day when the new rules came into effect was the dreaded day for brokers, exchanges, intraday traders”.

Traders Are Not Happy:

Changes in rules have evoked strong reactions from traders because they will have to invest a large amount of cash in fulfilling margin requirements for trades as per new margin rules. Even the trading in futures and options will become more expensive. Traders are disappointed because they will have to pay up more money to bet in stock markets. As per new margin rules, Traders are also liable for the penalty if the rules are not followed during the trading session. If a trader wants to buy Nifty worth Rs 10 lakh, he will have to pay a 20 per cent margin of around 2 lakh. If the margin of the trader does not meet the need, he will be penalized. Traders will have to pay the minimum amount for opening the Multilateral Trading facility account, and they have to maintain a minor balance at all times.

Why Gas SEBI Introduced A New Margin Rule?

SEBI has introduced new rules to protect retail investors from purchasing difficulty. The intended goal of SEBI behind new margin rules is to bring down the difficult market situation and avoid huge fluctuation in stock markets during extreme stress. The new margin rules are likely to bring transparency to the market; it is expected to strengthen the market’s safety.

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Keanu Reeves Returns with “The Matrix Resurrection”



Matrix Resurrections 2021 | News Aur Chai

The expectation of the unexpected fourth instalment of The Matrix Resurrections in the sci-fi establishment has started with another banner prodding the arrival of its first trailer.

The film Matrix 4 comes out 18-years after The Matrix Revolutions. It is planning to be the last film in a trilogy reporting the transformation of Computer programmer Thomas Anderson into cybercriminal Neo. As he finds the conventional world, he occupies a recreated reality.

Loosening up the expectation, with a special promotional. It highlights red and blue pills sit next to each other underneath the clear message: ‘The Choice is yours.’ Fans of the famous establishment will perceive the pills as a definitive choice given to Neo, played by Keanu Reeves, as he picks between life in the conflict assaulted real world or the ‘beautiful prison’ of a substitute reality. Penetrating static fills in as the scenery, as small strings of Matrix code has seen falling inside the pills before the whole scene liquefies.

Fans can proceed with their adventure on, an intelligent pick your-own-experience style site. Given a similar decision there, red brings you down a rabbit hole where you’re told: ‘This is the moment for you to show us what’s real.’ Then scenes from the film teaser, showing the slight hindrance between the natural world and the fake world known as The Matrix. One of the Best Scenes is Reeves’ Neo gulping a blue pill while a lot more seasoned, a balder man shows up in his appearance.

The scenes reviewed rely upon which pill selection and each emphasis on the decision made. The Red Pill requests that the watcher go further into the reality behind the Matrix. While the Blue Pill cautions them to avoid it again so as not to agitate the norm and welcome undesirable risk.

Still, the viewer’s decision makes, in any case, every secret seems to end with a brief look at Keanu Reeves as Neo, with different eyes. He either collaborates with characters who could be his partners in the film or plans to fight against its expected scalawags, be they Agents, pernicious projects, or even people.

The person who clicks on the blue pill will hear Harris’s voiceover saying: “You’ve lost your capacity to discern reality from fiction.” Before encouraging the viewer to embrace that their situation is genuine. At the current time, streaks on the screen, and Harris peruses it, saying, “anything else is your mind playing tricks on you.” By contrast, ones’ who click on the red pill hear Abdul-Mateen’s voice revealing to them that while they trust it’s the current time — once more. With Abdul-Mateen perusing the time out loud — “that couldn’t be further from the truth.” Regardless, a progression of quick-cut shots from “Revivals” streaks on the screen during the two situations. As each time a viewer taps on a pill, the recording changes.

‘This could be this is the first day of the rest of your life, but if you want it, you gotta fight for it.’ The portrayal wraps while showing star Keanu Reeves prepared to battle. Then, at that point, finishing on a vile note, they show somebody contacting the PC port at the rear of their head and inquire: ‘We don’t want anyone to get hurt, do we?’

From visionary movie producer Lana Wachowski. The new film reunites unique stars Keanu Reeves and Carrie-Anne Moss as Neo and Trinity, the infamous roles they made well known.’ The first Matrix film in 1999 met with much essential acclaim upon its introduction. The element is following up by two other movies, which were both delivered in 2003. Warner Bros. uncovered the title for the fourth Matrix film during its CinemaCon board. The Matrix Resurrections will release on December 22, 2021.

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