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Mauritius Oil Spill: Story Of Wrecked MV Wakashio



Mauritius oil spill: Story of Wrecked MV Wakashio

It’s nearly a month after Japanese bulk carrier, ran aground on a coral reef and leaked hundreds of tonnes of fuel oil into the Mauritius coast, forcing the island nation to declare a national emergency, break up on Saturday.

Oil from the M V Wakashio, a Japanese Ship seeped into the Mauritius coastal water. (Image Source:

What caused Mauritius oil spill?

A Japanese ship named M V Wakashio, which is owned by Nagashiki Shipping and operated by Mitsui OSK Lines Ltd, ran aground into a coral reef at Pointe d’Esny on July 25, resulting in an oil spill of over 1,000 tonnes into the Indian Ocean. The ship began to leak oil the following week (August 6) and was estimated to be carrying around 4,000 tonnes of oil, causing an ecological emergency in Mauritius.

On August 7, Akihiko Ono, executive vice president of Mitsui OSK Lines, said at a news conference in Tokyo: “We apologize profusely and deeply for the great trouble we have caused.” They also confirmed they would do everything in power to resolve the issue.

How did the island nation respond?

The Mauritius authorities, along with local volunteers, organized a clean-up operation to control the spill, minimize its impact, and isolate environmentally sensitive areas of the coast and lagoon, before the foreign countries extended their helping hand to pump out an estimated 3,890 tons of oil remaining on board.

Nearly two weeks after the incident, on August 7, the Mauritian Government declared it a national emergency.

However, the clean-up effort had to be halted by August 10 due to high winds and waves. By then, around 1,200 tonnes of oil seeped into the ocean and to the lagoon, stated the operator Mitsui OSK Lines.

Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Kumar Jugnauth had said that a visible crack in the hull of the ship led to concerns that the ship might “break in two.” He further added that 3,000 tons of oil had been pumped out of the ship’s fuel reservoirs. Fuel from the ship has been transferred to shore by helicopter and to another vessel owned by the same Japanese firm, Nagashiki Shipping.

The Mauritius’s environment minister Kavy Ramano, together with the fisheries minister, said that this was the first time the nation had to face such a catastrophe that they were insufficiently equipped to deal with.

On Friday, some residual oil of about 116 tones seeped into the ocean, said the authorities of the Mauritius Marine Conservation Society. The Mauritius National Crisis Committee stated the condition of the Japanese-owned ship worsened early on Sunday (August 15) and split in half by the afternoon.

On August 16, an IAF aircraft landed in Port Louis with 30T of specialized equipment, along with 10-members Indian Coastal Guard‘s Technical Response Team were sent to assist Mauritius in its ongoing oil spill containment and salvage operations.

The Mauritius requested compensation for the spill from Wakashio owner Nagashiki Shipping, for the damage caused by the oil spill.

Investigation report so far:

According to investigators, the crew members(outsourced from Anglo-Eastern Ship Management Ltd.) were engaged in a birthday in celebration of a sailor on board at the time of grounding. The ship sailed near shore for a Wi-fi signal, and subsequently failed to respond to communications to Wakashio warning of the errant course.

On August 18, the ship’s captain, Sunil Kumar Nandeshwar, 58, an Indian national, was arrested. According to news reports, he will be held in police custody till August 25.

How unfortunate is spillage to the environment?

Ursa Space Systems, a US analytics company, assessed the situation using radar data from the Finnish Iceye satellites, which are especially effective at picking out oil on water. According to data published by Finnish Iceye satellites indicated the spill had increased from 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi) on August 6 to 27 km2 (10 sq mi) on August 11.

Mauritius oil spill: Story of Wrecked MV Wakashio

Finnish Iceye satellites indicated the Oil spill in Mauritius island had increased from 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi) on August 6 to 27 km2 (10 sq mi) on August 11. (Image Source:

Satellite images show the oil spill stretched out between the mainland at Pointe D’Esny and the island of Ile-aux-Aigrettes.

According to Vassen Kauppaymuthoo, an Oceanographer and environmental engineer, more than 50 per cent of the lagoon is filled with rich biodiversity and environmentally sensitive areas, which are under danger.

Experts warn that flakes of the damaged anti-fouling coating on the hull can also poison the marine fauna and flora on the reef and surroundings in a similar fashion as to the Great Barrier Reef.

How oil spill will affect Mauritius?

Tourism plays a vital role in pumping money into the economy of the island nation. An estimated amount of about 63 billion Mauritian rupees (1.59 billion US dollars) was spent in 2019, for marine scenery and animals, which are now likely to be endangered by the oil spill.

Mauritius is a rich-biodiversity hotspot with a high concentration of plants, animals, and marine life unique to the region. The wind and the water currents are taking the oil towards areas that have vital marine ecosystems.

According to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the Mauritian marine environment is home to 1,700 species, including around 800 types of fish, 17 kinds of marine mammals, and two turtles species.

Coral reefs, seagrasses, mangroves, entire mudflats, sea sand, and dunes make the Mauritian waters exceptionally rich in biodiversity.

Greenpeace Africa, an independent environmental campaigning organization, also warned that “thousands” of animal species were “at risk of drowning in a sea of pollution, with dreadful consequences for Mauritius’s economy, food security, and health.”

Mauritius oil spill to those around the world

According to a BBC news report, rather than the size of the oil spill, it was the area where it happened, which was a cause for concern. The accident occurred near two environmentally protected marine ecosystems and the Blue Bay Marine Park Reserve, a wetland of international importance. Although there was no loss to human lives, the environmental consequences have been mortifying, as heavy fuel oil leaked into the natural, species-rich waters of the park, with unspoiled coral reefs mangrove forests.

Experts say that the amount of oil spilled from the to the ship nearby lagoons and coastal areas of south-east Mauritius is relatively low compared to the other oil spills the world has seen in the past. However, the damage it will cause is going to be immense and long-lasting, as unlike previous offshore spills, this has taken place near two environmentally protected areas.

They also added that the toxic hydrocarbons released from spilled oil would bleach the coral reefs, and they will eventually die.

The beautiful turquoise waters of the blue lagoon outside the coastal village of Mahébourg in Mauritius, the backdrop for numerous Bollywood movies, are now colored black and brown.

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All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021



National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained



Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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Modi Cabinet 2.0: Young and Dynamic Leadership or Otherwise



Cabinet II News Aur Chai

On the 7th of July, the union government announced the biggest cabinet expansion in the 7 years of NDA rule. The recent expansion increased the size of the Council of Ministers from 53 to 77. About 43 new ministers were sworn in, 15 of which were Cabinet Ministers and 28 Ministers of State (MoS). This is the first cabinet overhaul in the second term of NDA governance.

Experts however claim that the new cabinet expansion is a pre-emptive measure to balance electoral formulae in different states ahead of the 2022 State Assembly elections. It is also conjectured that the reshuffle comes as rectification of prolonged criticism about BJP’s governance in the past 2 years, including the Healthcare management during the Pandemic.

The Performance Paradox

This recent cabinet expansion is a report card of the BJP government’s performance in the last 2 years. Major ministerial changes, such as the resignation and replacement of Dr. Harshvardhan as the Health Minister indicate a confession of their mismanagement of the pandemic.

He has been replaced by Mansukh Mandaviya, a 2 time Rajya Sabha MP who has also been awarded by the UN for initiatives in Women’s healthcare in the past. His appointment as the Health Minister is one of hope for BJP, to change and streamline (a.) the COVID-19 Pandemic response and (b.) BJP’s image in the name of healthcare management.

On the contrary, Anurag Thakur’s promotion from MoS Finance to a Cabinet Minister defies all logical explanations for awarding performance. Not only has India’s economic condition worsened under his management, his controversial statements like “Desh ke Gadaaro ko…” do not present a strong case for him. His appointment is a political investment by BJP in Himachal Pradesh’s state elections next year which happens to be Thakur’s home state.

Similarly, Sitharaman’s finance ministry has remained untouched, after historical mismanagement of our Finance capabilities. All of this reflects a selective approach adopted by BJP, which is one of political hesitation and hyperopic ignorance.

BJP’s Political Calculator

Apart from the ‘punishment’ narrative, the new cabinet expansion has also given an insight into BJP’s political planning.  This expansion has incorporated key leaders from several states that go to elections next year. Moreover, it has also been carefully planned to cover the losses BJP has incurred in the past two years.

As a reward for dismantling the elected Madhya Pradesh government and tipping scales in BJP’s favor, Jyotiraditya Scindia was appointed as the Cabinet Minister for Civil Aviation (a post held by his father as well in ’91) almost after 3 years.

On the contrary, Pashupati Kumar Paras got an early reward for breaking down Lok Janshakti Party’s (LJP) representation in Lok Sabha. He was appointed as the Union Minister for Food Processing, after the attempted coup on Chirag Paswan’s leadership.

Sarbananda Sonowal, who was replaced by Himanta Biswa Sharma as the Chief Minister of Assam after the fresh elections, was also awarded a berth in the Cabinet. It is conjectured that this development was in talks ever since Himanta Biswa Sharma was chosen as the CM.

As the Uttar Pradesh elections near, BJP also made sure to improve representation from the state. Major appointments such as Niranjan Jyoti (MoS Food Processing), Anupriya Patel (Mos Commerce and Industry), and Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma (MoS MSME) were made majorly because of their heavy support base in UP.

Following the same lead, Ajay Bhatt from Uttarakhand was appointed as MoS Defence and Tourism. As seen earlier, BJP has made major organizational changes in Uttarakhand which goes to elections next year.

Some Positives

In the mirage of calculated placements and image reconstruction, BJP has hit a few rights with this organizational change. The new cabinet includes a maximum number of women to have ever served in a Union Cabinet, a first in a nation with largely patriarchal tendencies.

The cabinet has also tried to focus on bringing people with commendable background experience and education on board. Ashwini Vaishnav, former IAS and an alumnus of Wharton School have been given major ministries such as Railways, Communications, and IT. Similarly, Anupriya Patel who has been given the Commerce and Industry as an MoS has also served as an educator at Amity University.

Moreover, the diffused reliance on regional strength has become the overarching theme in this cabinet reshuffle. Even though the ruling party intends to balance the voter dynamics, this regional unity has become something to watch out for.

Yet, the big story remains the ouster of major politicians who have served loyally and faithfully to this government. Ravi Shankar Prasad, Prakash Jaavedkar, and Dr. Harshvardhan are major losers in this dynamic reshuffle. While the current government has tried to modernize the leaders of this nation, it has set a new precedent that loyalty is not the most critical virtue anymore; Election Commission’s schedule is.

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