Arvind Kejriwal, the Delhi Chief Minister and Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) national convener released a guarantee card which includes ten guarantees, including a promise to reduce air pollution in Delhi by three times. From Less Pollution to 24*7 Drinking Water, it’s all there in the ‘Kejriwal ka Guarantee Card’ which was released on January 19, 2020. Here are the 10 ‘guarantees’ that Kejriwal announced:
Kejriwal promised continued 24 hours of uninterrupted power supply in addition to 200 units of free electricity for all. Last year in the month of August Arvind Kejriwal had announced fee electricity up to 200 units in Delhi adding to which he had also stated that, consuming 201 to 401 units of electricity will continue to get 50 per cent power subsidy from the government. Seeing this trend, we can hope that Delhi will be blessed with his latest promise of uninterrupted power supply soon.
The next promise of the AAP was regarding water. They said that 24-hour pure piped drinking water would be available to each household in the next five years, while the scheme of providing 20,000 litres of free water will continue.
The next promise of the party includes providing world-class education facilities to each child in Delhi. AAP focused on the agenda of ‘education first worked quite well. Arvind Kejriwal’s led government even allocated as much as Rs 13,997 crore or nearly 26% of the budget for this cause during the period of 2019-20. He did bring a revolutionary change in the education system of Delhi. However, there are still a lot more glitches to be removed, which he promised to fulfil during his next tenure if he is elected.
The party’s fourth guarantee includes the promise of better health facilities for all. According to a survey, there has been a steady decline in the number of health care infrastructure crucial for the first level of intervention. The death rate of the capital city is alarming, so proper health care facility is the most vital in the state.
His fifth guarantee followed by heath, wherein he said that he would get the “biggest and cheapest” transport facility for the city. “More than 11,000 buses and 500-kilometre Metro stretch in the city,” was also promised. Kejriwal also said that along with the women enjoying the perk of free bus travel, students would gain it as well.
Kejriwal in his next guarantee includes controlling air pollution in the city as well as making the Yamuna clean. Delhi had suffered from air pollution during the end of 2019, wherein around 2.2 million or 50 per cent of all children suffered from irreversible damages to the lungs. On November 25, 2019, the Supreme Court of India remarked the pollution in Delhi saying “Delhi has become worse than narak (hell)”.
Kejriwal in his seventh promise stated about the waste management of the city, he stated that “we are aware that the garbage management is with the MCD, yet AAP vowed to make the national capital free of garbage in the next five years. This is one of the major issues which the capital city faces as the mountain of waste in the capital is gaining an enormous size. The solid waste management becomes an acute problem, especially with the handling of plastic waste. Since everything is discarded together at the landfills, the dumps in Delhi have grown to be identified as the largest, least regulated and most hazardous in the world.
Kejriwal points to a topic of regular concern which is safety. He promises to make the city safer for women and to deploy ‘Mohalla Marshals’. The capital city has one of the highest rape rate, also in a survey, it was found that around 11 girls disappear from Delhi every day. Shocking right? So guarantee on safety for women is another most essential factor.
He promised of road, water supply, sewer, CCTV and mohalla clinics for the unauthorised colonies. During last November, Kejriwal had while raising questions over the centre’s intention to provide ownership rights in the unauthorised colonies of the city and said he would ensure registration of properties in these settlements.
Under the ‘Jahan Jhuggi Wahin Makan’ scheme, he promises to provide ‘pucca’ houses to all the people living in slums. This is Kejriwal’s last promise to Delhiites.
” I am giving ten guarantees to the city. This is not a manifesto. This is superior to the manifesto. These ten things are the issues which affect all the people in Delhi. The manifesto will have more things. It may have dedicated announcements to specific sections like teachers, doctors, students and labourers. In the guarantee card, I am assuring that the free schemes we announced in this tenure will continue in the next five years. These are big guarantees and will take time to be implemented,” said Kejriwal.
He said that the manifesto would be launched in the next 7-10 days. He also promises to achieve all his guarantees in the following five years. Since Kejriwal’s term as CM ends in February and the city will go for polls on February 8, current CM Arvind Kejriwal has started to influence the public in re-electing him.
All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021
On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.
Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)
With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.
Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.
The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.
लोकसभा में आज, राष्ट्रीय खाद्य प्रौद्योगिकी, उद्यमिता और प्रबंध संस्थान विधेयक, 2021 (निफ्टेम विधेयक, 2021) को पारित किया गया।
इस विधेयक के पारित होने पर इससे जुड़े हर व्यक्ति को बधाई देता हूँ और साथ ही खाद्य प्रसंस्करण से जुड़े छात्रों को भी बधाई देता हूँ। @MOFPI_GOI
— Pashupati Kumar Paras (@PashupatiParas) July 26, 2021
Fake News: Accountability Of News Organisations
Fake news is false news stories or hoaxes, which are deliberately released to misinform and to create chaos in society or among readers. Fake news is one of the main reasons behind the disruption of peace in society and it becomes more dangerous in volatile places. Fake news is generally shared with propaganda to mislead the audience by hiding or twisting the truth. However fake news isn’t new to the web, it recently became an enormous problem in today’s digital world. Fake news mostly comes from sites that are bogus or have sensationalized stories.
Most of the users do not check the facts before sharing the information on their social media, which can be a reason for widespread fake news. So, it is important to differentiate between fake news and authentic news to maintain harmony in society and to avoid false news and its repercussions.
Fake News Stories
- On 2nd April, a team of doctors, health workers, and revenue officials were attacked by the family members of a 65-year-old man who died of COVID-19 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh because of the fake video which claimed that healthy Muslims were being injected with the virus, reiterating the risks and physical manifestations of misinformation.
- On March 22, 2020, Mr. Modi’s new term ‘Janta curfew’ has sparked a buzz on the Internet. Social media users started interpreting PM Modi’s concept of ‘Janta curfew’ in their own ways. Social media was flooded with a certain ‘scientific explanation’ behind the curfew as to how it will break the chain of transmissions of the deadly coronavirus infection. The claim was found out to be misleading. PM Modi, while announcing the curfew, didn’t mention this particular ‘scientific’ logic behind it.
- Rumours were circulated on WhatsApp groups about a kidnapping gang operating in India’s western state of Maharashtra in 2018. The rumors eventually cause a mob lynching, that killed five migrant workers because they were suspected of being kidnappers.
- On November 13, 2016, when the government of India has demonetized Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and planned to replace them with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes, rumors were spreading about Rs 2000 notes. Rumors claimed the new higher denomination currency comes with a Nano-GPS chip which acts as a reflector, giving precise location coordinates of the currency to permit every note to be tracked. However, the RBI officials had dismissed these as false and said the new Rs 2000 note does not have a Nano-GPS chip as is being claimed on social media, WhatsApp.
- In the pandemic situation, where vaccination has become crucial, in a series of viral videos it was seen that people are claiming that magnet was attracted to the arms of alleged COVID-19 vaccinated recipients. This kind of fake news can create misconceptions about vaccines and people may not take their jab of vaccines. The Centre has declined the claims that Covid-19 vaccines can make people ‘magnetic’. It has also dismissed theories about microchips in coronavirus vaccines.
Need of Accountability
False information on social media can cause huge problems. It is often done to influence political processes. Need for Accountability increases in such situations because the false information provided by certain news organizations can create a ruckus in society. Before publishing the news, it is necessary to check the facts.
If the news organizations, shared misinformation unintentionally they must remove the content right away and they should apologize to the readers. If fake news is spread with propaganda to create chaos in society, then the news organization should be punished under the law. The information must be checked before sharing it with other people.
Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained
Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.
The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.
Pegasus Spyware and India
According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.
This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.
Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.
According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.
The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’
This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.
Pegasus Spyware and World.
In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.
At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden. After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.
If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.
Project Zaraat by Enactus DCAC
Retake 2022 is on its way!
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