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Mossad: All You Need To Know About This Israeli Intelligence Agency

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Mossad: All You Need To Know About This Israeli Intelligence Agency

An Intelligence Agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military and foreign policy objectives. One of the world’s most mysterious Intelligence Agencies is the Mossad. While India has the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and the United States of America (USA) has the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Israel has Mossad. It is definitely more than what meets the eye.

Formation of Mossad

Israel, the world’s only Jewish State, was established on May 14, 1948, at 4 pm, thereby fulfilling a Biblical Prophecy stated out in the Book of Isaiah 66:8.

Since Israel’s formation, it was evident that the Jewish State required more than a military to protect it from the clutches of the surrounding Arab enemies. Israel needed ‘superior intelligence’ which will be capable of identifying and reacting to the threats posed by its enemies. Being the only Jewish State in the entire world, the nation strived to be the ‘Defender of Jews’. When faced by terrorist attacks, the nation itself goes ahead to ensure justice for its Jewish citizens when other countries fail to do so.

Established on December 13, 1949, Mossad is headquartered at Tel Aviv, Israel. Its full name is ‘Mossad Merkazi le-Modiin ule-Tafkidim Meyuhadim’ (Hebrew for ‘Central Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations’). Israel has been blessed with three major intelligence organizations, namely, Aman (military intelligence), Shin Bet (internal security) and the most recognized one being Mossad.

Functions of Mossad

  1. Gather Intelligence;
  2. Pursue the anti-Semitism;
  3. Analysis of Intelligence;
  4. Covert operations;
  5. Prevent terrorism both inside and outside of Israel;
  6. Protect its residents from the ‘enemies of Israel’;
  7. Ensure national security;
  8. Help the Jewish refugees reach the Land of Israel.

Values that make Mossad a revered organization

  1. Belief that service in the organization is a national mission;
  2. Identify with Israel’s values, statehood and goals of Mossad;
  3. Develop excellence, task orientation and dedication;
  4. Comply with providing justice while being honest, moral, simple, brave, accountable and confidential;
  5. Train the employees and showcase a sense of ‘team spirit’;
  6. Open to various innovations, resourcefulness and criticisms;
  7. Lead by example and serve as a source of inspiration.

Logo

Mossad’s Logo was proposed by the then Senior Mossad Official, Shlomo Cohen Abarbanel, in the 1970s. It has been designed to include a ‘Menorah’ (Ancient Hebrew seven-branched lampstand made of pure gold, used in the Temple of Jerusalem), encircled by the Verse from the Book of Proverbs 11:14, which states that ‘Where no wise direction is, the people fall, but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety’. As per the Agency’s official website, ‘This verse should always pave the way, encourage initiative and creativity, but also act as a severe warning sign.’

Composition of Spy Agency

Today, the Mossad has approximately 7,000 employees, led by its twelfth Director, Yosef ‘Yossi’ Meir Cohen since January 6, 2016. Cohen is known for winning the prestigious ‘Israel Security Prize’ for his commendable work and is undoubtedly considered to be a ‘tough boss’, as written by Ronen Bergman, an Intelligence reporter.

On July 5, 2020, the Israeli Prime Minister announced that he would be extending Cohen’s term by six months, through June 2021. The decision was taken as a result of ‘the security challenges facing the State of Israel’. Mossad’s Head reports directly to the Nation’s Prime Minister.

Noteworthy Cases showcasing Mossad’s Commitment to Serving Justice

 Operation

Mission 

Key points

Finale Operation

Bring to Justice the SS Officer Adolf Eichmann, a renowned German Nazi, who supervised the annihilation of Jews as part of Adolf Hitler’s ‘final solution of the Jewish problem’. a) After the War– Adolf Eichmann was living in Argentina by concealing his true identity;

b) May 11,1960-A team of 8 Mossad agents secretly travelled to Argentina and kidnapped the Officer;

c) May 20, 1960- Adolf Eichmann was disguisedly snuck off onto an El-Al flight by Mossad’s team;

d) May 31, 1962- the Nazi Officer was executed after a year of trial.

Operation Outside The Box

 

Destroy the nuclear weapons created as a result of the relationship between Syria and North Korea in 2001. The deadly collaboration proved to be a threat to Israel.

a) Late 2006- Mossad agents cleverly gained access to Syria’s nuclear facility built with North Korea’s and Iran’s assistance;

b) The raids were kept extremely confidential for 7 months;

c) Sept 6, 2007- Israeli jets destroyed the suspected reactor and terminated Syria’s nuclear programme.

A joint operation by the Mossad and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

 

Execution of Imad Mughniyeh, one of the founders of Hezbollah and also responsible for major terrorist attacks.

a) Imad Mughniyeh used to be in constant movement by continuously changing his appearance;

b) February 2008- Mossad’s team tracked him in Damascus;

c) Another one of Mossad teams tactfully followed him and he was assassinated by way of his car exploding on February 12, 2008.

Operation Moses

Assist the Ethiopian Jews to escape from Sudan in the early 1980s.

a) The Ethiopian Jews stayed in Sudan’s refugee camps due to the then civil war, famine and persecution. Sudan refused to free the Jews back to their homeland.

b) Mossad operated a resort along the Red Sea Coast as a ‘cover’, which was home to Mossad’s officials;

c) By day, it was a fun-filled resort and by night, the officials used to travel to the refugee camps to rescue the Ethiopian Jews and send them back to their own land.

Operation Wrath of God Assassinate the members of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) who were involved in the Munich Massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics.

One by one, slowly and steadily, the criminals were pursued and brought to justice for causing unnecessary grief to the State and its people.

Mossad stands out from other intelligence agencies because

  1. It is a shadow organization – they can come from anywhere and then vanish into thin air;
  2. Willingness is unparalleled;
  3. Uses unique techniques and tactics.

Mossad’s missions, either carried out single-handedly or in collaboration with other agencies, have benefitted not only Israel but also the rest of the world in the long run. To sum it up, Mossad is like an ordained fire protecting the State of Israel. If the enemies try to fiddle with it, they will surely get burnt.

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All You Need To Know About National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

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National Institute Of Food Technology Entrepreneurship And Management Bill 2021

On July 26, 2021, Lok Sabha passed a bill under the ministry of Food Processing Industry. The bill is titled as National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021. The main motive of this bill is to address issues with the Food Processing Industry, Entrepreneurship and one Institution for National Importance. With the passing of this bill, the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) and National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) is now merged as Institutions of National Importance, and it aims at providing various research and advancement in learning about the Food Industry and its associated branches. The bill was first introduced in the house in February 2019 but was pending due to protest by the opposition.

Significance of Institutions of National Importance (INI)

With the passing of this bill, the institutions enjoy greater autonomy through which they can carry out various courses, research attracting skilled faculties and students from all over the country and overseas. Good standards in education will be adopted to improve the present and future of education in this branch and sector, overcoming the technological gap in the country. This law aims to improve and introduce new changes in food, bio-nanotechnology, cold chain technology etc. The desired efforts will be taken in terms of human resources and infrastructure developments, labs for research etc. Liberty to open centres anywhere in India is also granted to INI and include courses regarding food technology certification and improving the workforce of the country.

Some other important features of this act are the Institution has been authorized with the Board of Government, Senate and other acting Authorities. The Council of Board will include 16 members from different branches from the same field. The Head will be Chairperson, who will be a skilled person from the Food Industry, the Director, Dean and Registrar. Members appointed from Centre and State Governments, Members from FSSAI and Council of Agriculture Research, as mentioned in the bill. The 16 members of the board will carry out work of taking administrative decisions, creating annual budgets and paths for institution progress as an organization, establishing departments, their appointment terms of services, faculties etc. The Board of Council also holds power to grant Honorary Degrees and Diplomas. The Senate shall be the principal academic body of the Institute, consisting of the people such as Director as the Chairperson; Registrar; Full-time skilled level Professor; and Three academically skilled Individuals nominated by the board from the field.

The Union Minister of Food Processing Industry, Mr Pashupati Kumar Paras, expressed his gratitude to PM Modi for this landmark step in this industry from his Twitter handle, indicating new opportunities in Food Technology Industries. Therefore, this Act looks promising on paper with new opportunities and in Educational Development. Amidst the Pegasus Spyware and repeal of the farm laws, this looks positive from the Modi Government.

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Curious Case Of Pegasus: Explained

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Pegasus II News Aur Chai

Pegasus is a spyware that can hack the victims’ mobile phones and read their SMS messages and emails. The Pegasus spyware is owned by an Israeli software company named NSO Group. According to the various reports, this company has targeted more than 50,000 phone numbers at the Global level, of which 300 are in India for surveillance.

The news broke out after the 17 media partners investigated. This investigation brought into the picture information about a leaked database of mobile telephone numbers of Indian Ministers, Opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, business people, government officials, scientists, activists and many influential personalities of the nation.

Pegasus Spyware and India

According to the report by the agency, the Israeli company which sells Pegasus around the world says that its clients are confined to ‘vetted governments”, believed to number 36. The NSO Group also says that ‘the target list in India is not ours, never was.’ Their refusal of the leaked database has created a loophole in understanding this case.

This whole case has violated the integrity of democratic institutions. According to the report by the agencies, after the mobile phones of the opposition leader Rahul Gandhi and various other leaders were hacked under the Pegasus spyware surveillance. Multiple tweets were made against the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) government in India. This whole case has become one of the major threats in the political arena and the Indian Democracy.

Though at the start, it was used for national security purposes. The explosive expansion of surveillance technology vendors has become a vast human rights and a global security issue. If such surveillance technologies increase, it might cause a lot of problems to countries around the globe. Hence, as a precaution, all these countries need to work on regulating this technology.

According to the reports by the agency, one of the targeted phones by the Pegasus spyware was of the former election commissioner of India, Ashok Lavasa. Various such people and such opposition leaders were somehow against the BJP government having their phones hacked with the NSO-owned spyware. All these instances and the names in the leaked list have pointed figures towards the Modi Government.

The Modi government’s stand on this case was put forward in Lok Sabha by two serving ministers, Ashwini Vaishnaw and Prahlad Singh Patel. These two leaders were also featured in the leaked database. The recent Information Technology Minister, Ashwini Vaishnaw defended the BJP government in the parliament by saying, “the expose was an attempt to malign Indian democracy and its well-established institutions.” She even said, ‘any form of illegal surveillance is not possible with the checks and balances in our laws and robust institutions.’

This case has adjourned the parliament proceedings due to the protests inside and outside the house of parliament by the opposition party.

Pegasus Spyware and World.

 In the statement given to the agency, Access Now, an organisation defending the digital rights of global users, said it was outraged that products sold by NSO were allegedly “used to hack and invade the private communications” of thousands of people across the globe.

At a global level, France’s Emmanuel Macron was targeted in the Pegasus spyware case. As the phone of French President Emmanuel Macron was hacked, the investigation was carried out and later on was published which was directed by the Paris-based non-profit journalism group Forbidden.  After this case came in front of the whole world, the Pegasus spyware surveillance came into the picture.

If this continues for some more time, it will ruin India’s Democratic values at a global level. As well as this might become a huge technological threat between the different nations around the globe.

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Modi Cabinet 2.0: Young and Dynamic Leadership or Otherwise

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Cabinet II News Aur Chai

On the 7th of July, the union government announced the biggest cabinet expansion in the 7 years of NDA rule. The recent expansion increased the size of the Council of Ministers from 53 to 77. About 43 new ministers were sworn in, 15 of which were Cabinet Ministers and 28 Ministers of State (MoS). This is the first cabinet overhaul in the second term of NDA governance.

Experts however claim that the new cabinet expansion is a pre-emptive measure to balance electoral formulae in different states ahead of the 2022 State Assembly elections. It is also conjectured that the reshuffle comes as rectification of prolonged criticism about BJP’s governance in the past 2 years, including the Healthcare management during the Pandemic.

The Performance Paradox

This recent cabinet expansion is a report card of the BJP government’s performance in the last 2 years. Major ministerial changes, such as the resignation and replacement of Dr. Harshvardhan as the Health Minister indicate a confession of their mismanagement of the pandemic.

He has been replaced by Mansukh Mandaviya, a 2 time Rajya Sabha MP who has also been awarded by the UN for initiatives in Women’s healthcare in the past. His appointment as the Health Minister is one of hope for BJP, to change and streamline (a.) the COVID-19 Pandemic response and (b.) BJP’s image in the name of healthcare management.

On the contrary, Anurag Thakur’s promotion from MoS Finance to a Cabinet Minister defies all logical explanations for awarding performance. Not only has India’s economic condition worsened under his management, his controversial statements like “Desh ke Gadaaro ko…” do not present a strong case for him. His appointment is a political investment by BJP in Himachal Pradesh’s state elections next year which happens to be Thakur’s home state.

Similarly, Sitharaman’s finance ministry has remained untouched, after historical mismanagement of our Finance capabilities. All of this reflects a selective approach adopted by BJP, which is one of political hesitation and hyperopic ignorance.

BJP’s Political Calculator

Apart from the ‘punishment’ narrative, the new cabinet expansion has also given an insight into BJP’s political planning.  This expansion has incorporated key leaders from several states that go to elections next year. Moreover, it has also been carefully planned to cover the losses BJP has incurred in the past two years.

As a reward for dismantling the elected Madhya Pradesh government and tipping scales in BJP’s favor, Jyotiraditya Scindia was appointed as the Cabinet Minister for Civil Aviation (a post held by his father as well in ’91) almost after 3 years.

On the contrary, Pashupati Kumar Paras got an early reward for breaking down Lok Janshakti Party’s (LJP) representation in Lok Sabha. He was appointed as the Union Minister for Food Processing, after the attempted coup on Chirag Paswan’s leadership.

Sarbananda Sonowal, who was replaced by Himanta Biswa Sharma as the Chief Minister of Assam after the fresh elections, was also awarded a berth in the Cabinet. It is conjectured that this development was in talks ever since Himanta Biswa Sharma was chosen as the CM.

As the Uttar Pradesh elections near, BJP also made sure to improve representation from the state. Major appointments such as Niranjan Jyoti (MoS Food Processing), Anupriya Patel (Mos Commerce and Industry), and Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma (MoS MSME) were made majorly because of their heavy support base in UP.

Following the same lead, Ajay Bhatt from Uttarakhand was appointed as MoS Defence and Tourism. As seen earlier, BJP has made major organizational changes in Uttarakhand which goes to elections next year.

Some Positives

In the mirage of calculated placements and image reconstruction, BJP has hit a few rights with this organizational change. The new cabinet includes a maximum number of women to have ever served in a Union Cabinet, a first in a nation with largely patriarchal tendencies.

The cabinet has also tried to focus on bringing people with commendable background experience and education on board. Ashwini Vaishnav, former IAS and an alumnus of Wharton School have been given major ministries such as Railways, Communications, and IT. Similarly, Anupriya Patel who has been given the Commerce and Industry as an MoS has also served as an educator at Amity University.

Moreover, the diffused reliance on regional strength has become the overarching theme in this cabinet reshuffle. Even though the ruling party intends to balance the voter dynamics, this regional unity has become something to watch out for.

Yet, the big story remains the ouster of major politicians who have served loyally and faithfully to this government. Ravi Shankar Prasad, Prakash Jaavedkar, and Dr. Harshvardhan are major losers in this dynamic reshuffle. While the current government has tried to modernize the leaders of this nation, it has set a new precedent that loyalty is not the most critical virtue anymore; Election Commission’s schedule is.

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